Joint UNDP, ILO and FAO project

SDG - Aligned Budgeting to Transform Employment in Mongolia

EU Budget Support (BS) programme aims to support the Government of Mongolia to implement the national reform agenda and assist the implementation of the Public Finance Management and Employment policies. The EU BS programme and its Technical Assistance project will support the country in delivering sustainable growth and its transformation into a sustainable development model with more productivity, better capacity to respond to and recover from unanticipated crises, and more employment opportunities for all social groups, especially the more vulnerable and disadvantaged.


The overall objective of the Action is to increase employment and promote decent work in Mongolia.

Mongolia’s aspirations of achieving sustainable development and becoming high middle-income country hinge upon having strengthened labour market institutions that can respond to the dynamic demands of the labour market, ensure occupational safety and health, while providing a level playing field for workers and employers to freely negotiate and agree on their interests. Labour market institutions also need to build-in responsiveness to unanticipated crises, like the current COVID-19 precautionary measures and the resulting economic challenges. National laws and practices remain to date influenced by the practices from the centrally planned economy, lagging behind the way in which work is organized today and in the future.

Through the project, the ILO will provide technical assistance in aligning national legislation and practices with international labour standards and good practices and improving the efficiency and effectiveness of labour inspection. The project will use the comments of the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations on Mongolia’s reports on the application of Fundamental Conventions, employment conventions and occupational safety and health conventions to guide action and measure progress in terms of legislative alignment, policy and programme measures, and impacts of government policies and programmes on specific categories of workers, including young workers, workers with family responsibilities, workers with disabilities, and rural and migrant workers who are vulnerable to decent work deficits.

Component D: Effective application of international labour standards by strengthening institutions of work

Key result area D.1. Regulatory frameworks aligned with international labour standards
  • Ratification of the ILO Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 (No. 81) and the ILO Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Convention, 1969 (No. 129) and effective application of ILO occupational safety and health and employment-related conventions promoted
  • Advice on improving legal environments to increase the efficiency of labour inspection and employment promotion, including changes and amendments to the Law on State Inspection
  • The Sub-Committee on Application of International Labour Standards assisted in their reviews and discussions of international labour standards and Mongolia’s related obligations
  • Law and practice research conducted to identify implementation gaps and areas for alignment with ILS and formalization of employment
  • MONEF and CMTU supported in their effective promotion of fundamental principles and rights at work, decent working conditions, formalization of employment and collective bargaining
  • Professional groups and the Mongolia Decent Work for Youth Network (DWYN) supported to promote action to realize labour rights and formalization of employment for young workers
Key result area D.2. Compliance boosted through strengthened capacity of labour inspection system
  • Support provided for the formulation of annual Strategic Compliance Plan (SCP)
  • Assessment of case management system, inspection data collection, analyses and dissemination, including sex- and age-disaggregated data, conducted with a view to develop evidence-based interventions
  • Recommendations on improving and upgrading inspection data system provided to General Agency for Specialized Inspection (GASI) and improvements of the existing data collection of occupational accidents and acute poisoning


The ILO will work closely with the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection, GASI, National Statistics Office, National Human Rights Commission of Mongolia, MONEF and CMTU to deepen their respective abilities to implement the ILO Fundamental and Governance Conventions and selected technical conventions in law and practice so as to reduce employment informality, increase decent work, develop evidence to guide interventions and demonstrate progress.

Final beneficiaries

The final beneficiaries are the job-seekers, unemployed/underemployed people from various groups, including remotely located youth, persons with disabilities, as well as employers seeking more productive and contented workers and employees improving their labour conditions. The ultimate beneficiaries of the improved Public Financial Management system in Mongolia are the general public, taxpayers and citizens of Mongolia.

For future information

UN House 604
United Nations Street 12
Sukhbaatar district
Ulaanbaatar 14201, Mongolia
Tel: (976) 11320624