A conference in Brussels has welcomed an ILO report that found the Uzbek government did not systematically use child labour or forced labour during the 2018 cotton harvest. The report found that government reforms are having an impact, but that there are still many challenges at local level.
Conflict and crisis in the Middle East and North Africa has led to an increase in child labour across the region, including in children’s involvement in armed conflict and other illicit activities, a new report finds.
Preventing Children’s Involvement in the Worst Forms of Child Labour in Kyrgyzstan: Action Plan for 2019-2024
On January 24, 2019 a meeting to refine the 2019-2024 Action Plan for preventing children’s involvement in the worst forms of child labour (WFCL) was held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. The working group was formed in May 2018 as part of the 2017-2027 Family Protection and Children Support Programme to be implemented by the Kyrgyz Government.
The website allows users to delve into a broad range of multimedia content on particular themes, such as child labour, forced labour, collective bargaining and discrimination in the workplace.
A new report by UNICEF and the ILO highlights the critical need to extend social protection to all children.
Facts and figures
- Worldwide 218 million children between 5 and 17 years are in employment.
Among them, 152 million are victims of child labour; almost half of them, 73 million, work in hazardous child labour.
- In absolute terms, almost half of child labour (72.1 million) is to be found in Africa; 62.1 million in the Asia and the Pacific; 10.7 million in the Americas; 1.2 million in the Arab States and 5.5 million in Europe and Central Asia.
- In terms of prevalence, 1 in 5 children in Africa (19.6%) are in child labour, whilst prevalence in other regions is between 3% and 7%: 2.9% in the Arab States (1 in 35 children); 4.1% in Europe and Central Asia (1 in 25); 5.3% in the Americas (1 in 19) and 7.4% in Asia and the Pacific region (1 in 14).
- Almost half of all 152 million children victims of child labour are aged 5-11 years.
42 million (28%) are 12-14 years old; and 37 million (24%) are 15-17 years old.
- Hazardous child labour is most prevalent among the 15-17 years old. Nevertheless up to a fourth of all hazardous child labour (19 million) is done by children less than 12 years old.
- Among 152 million children in child labour, 88 million are boys and 64 million are girls.
- 58% of all children in child labour and 62% of all children in hazardous work are boys. Boys appear to face a greater risk of child labour than girls, but this may also be a reflection of an under-reporting of girls’ work, particularly in domestic child labour.
- Child labour is concentrated primarily in agriculture (71%), which includes fishing, forestry, livestock herding and aquaculture, and comprises both subsistence and commercial farming; 17% in Services; and 12% in the Industrial sector, including mining.
24 April 2019
Forced and child labour
03 April 2019
Middle East and North Africa
20 March 2019
13 March 2019
04 March 2019
10 April 2019
Second edition (2018)
10 December 2018
Assessment of the effects of annual drought and floods on child labour (hazardous and non-hazardous) and child welfare in Sri Lanka
30 November 2018
15 August 2018
Child labour in Africa
03 July 2018
A mobile application against child labour
This app allows business managers and auditors to create interactive checklists that will help them ensure a child labour-free operation. There are 18 checkpoints in total, divided into six categories. Each checkpoint provides best-practice recommendations for taking action.