The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan became a member of the ILO in 1956, ten years after gaining independence. General unemployment is estimated to be between 12-14 per cent and nearly half of the country’s six million are under the age of 19, putting an increased focus on the need to provide jobs to a burgeoning work force. More>>
Protecting the most vulnerable: Why protecting the rights of migrant workers remains a critical priority
18 December 2019
17 December 2019
16 - 17 December 2019
Focus on our projects
The ILO Taqeem “Impact Report” series disseminates research reports from Taqeem-supported employment assessment and impact evaluations.
Work permits and employment of Syrian refugees in Jordan: towards formalising the work of Syrian refugees
The general objective of this assessment is to gain a better understanding of the impact work permits have on the employment of Syrian workers in Jordan.
With ILO Support Jordan:
- Created 133,816 workdays in agriculture and infrastructure for Jordanians and Syrian refugees.
- Adopted Regulation No. 12 which organises private recruitment agencies and recruitment of migrant domestic workers.
- Piloted an insurance scheme for employers of domestic workers.
- Developed a legal and policy baseline on human trafficking for migrant garment and domestic workers.
Syrian Refugee Crisis
- Created 207,000 workdays for the maintenance and rehabilitation of numerous public assets.
- Instituted flexible work permits in agriculture and construction outside the Kafala (sponsorship) system.
- Issued 57,000 work permits in agriculture and construction.
- Issued 64% of 118,000 work permits for Syrians in all sectors.
- Modified a unified contract for migrant workers in Jordan’s garment sector to include Syrian refugees.
- Established 11 Employment Service Centres which placed some 3,300 Jordanians and Syrians in employment (43% women) and issued around 16,000 formal work permits to Syrian refugees.
- Achieved a sector-wide collective bargaining agreement for more than 40,000 migrant workers in Jordan’s garment.
- Introduced a policy to ensure zero recruitment fees for garment factory employers.
- Implemented the National Framework on Child Labour.
- Established the National Database on Child Labour.
- Drafted Articles 31 to 36 of the Juvenile Justice Law No. 32. which raises the minimum age of criminal responsibility and prioritizes a rehabilitative approach to juvenile justice.
- Enhanced child regulatory enforcement for 60 juvenile police, 40 National Aid Fund staff and 60 labour inspectors.
- Launched 25 start-up business and created 25 jobs through incorporating the Know About Business (KAB) programme.
Gender Equality & Non-discrimination
- Achieved a collective bargaining agreement for private sector teachers incorporating non-discrimination measures.
- Approved gender-responsive labour code amendments on pay equity, childcare, paternity leave, and flexible working hours in Parliamentary Committees.
- Established around 100 new childcare centres and trained 27 careers on early childhood development.
- Jordan became a member of the Equal Pay International Coalition.
- Established a multi-purpose workers’ centre which provides legal advice and trade union support for migrant workers in the garment sector.
Skills and Employability
- Enrolled 10,000 Syrian refugees and native Jordanians in a skills recognition programme.
- Adopted a new Social Security Law to cover enterprises employing one or more workers, and cover the self-employed.
- Ratified the Convention on Social Security (Minimum Standards), No. 102 (1952), making Jordan the first in the Arab States to do so.
- Implemented a national social protection floor to reduce poverty.
- Revised the investment strategy of the Social Security Investment Fund.
- Government, employers’ and workers’ organizations adopted a strategy to institute universal health care.
- Established a small and medium enterprises unit devoted to policy advocacy and services with Jordan Chamber of Industry.
- Adopted a 15% increase in the minimum wage raise through negotiations with government, unions and employers.
Tripartism and Social Dialogue
- Created a unified contract for migrant workers in the garment sector through a two-year collective bargaining agreement.
- Renewed a collective bargaining agreement covering working conditions and rights at work for 37,000 private sector teachers.
- Annulled a draft law that criminalizes strikes.
International Labour Standards
- Ratified the Maritime Labour Convention.
- Approved a milestone agreement to allow official inspection of garment factory dormitories.
- Developed the National Labour Inspection Policy and Strategy.
- Removed Jordan from the U.S. Department of Labour Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act list.