The trend of the sector towards faster and more flexible production and lower prices had been accelerated by the phase-out of the Multifibre Arrangement in 2005. The TCLF sector today is characterized by high volatility, low predictability, and generally low profit margins. Production is generally subcontracted to suppliers in different countries, leading to a forceful competition that brings costs down. Additionally, the sector remains among the most labour-intensive industries, despite advances in technology and workplace practices.
The Rana Plaza collapse in Bangladesh in 2013 and the factory fire in Pakistan in 2012 were a tipping point in the world of work. These tragic accidents called world attention to the working conditions of garment workers in general. Since then, enhanced cooperation between tripartite constituents and other stakeholders has resulted in the negotiation of new initiatives at global and national levels.
ILO promotes decent work in the textiles, clothing, leather and footwear sector by:
- promoting social dialogue on main challenges and opportunities in the sector as well as building consensus among tripartite constituents on measures to address them;
- increasing and disseminating knowledge on recent trends and developments;
- supporting the implementation of international labour standards and workplace compliance;
- building capacity of sectoral constituents on different issues (OSH, skills, minimum wages, etc);
- strengthening partnerships and policy coherence among different stakeholders at global, regional and country levels.
20 September 2016
10 September 2016
105th International Labour Conference
31 May 2016
Cambodian Garment and Footwear Sector Bulletin Issue 4: Trends in Cambodian garment and footwear prices and their implications for wages and working conditions
01 September 2016
11 August 2016
06 July 2016
Global Dialogue Forum on Wages and Working Hours in the Textiles, Clothing, Leather and Footwear Industries
Geneva, 23-25 September 2014
- Occupational safety and health in the textiles, clothing, leather and footwear sector
- Bibliographies on the textiles and clothing sector