The ILO in Yemen

  • Since 2014, Yemen has suffered from violent conflict and political instability, which have given rise to the world’s most severe humanitarian crisis, adding pressure on the country’s pre-existing challenges, including frail institutions and insufficient public services. The crisis was further exacerbated in 2016 by the cholera outbreak and again in 2020 with the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. By the end of 2020, an estimated 24.3 million - or 80 per cent of Yemen’s population – required humanitarian assistance. Due to the ongoing conflict and border closures, livelihoods in the country have been profoundly disrupted, resulting in mass scale unemployment and the closure of enterprises across Yemen. Building resilience for all, with women at the centre of recovery, is key in the response to the crisis in Yemen. More on Yemen>


  1. ILO Support in Yemen

    The ILO in Yemen has worked on building peace and resilience by creating jobs and income opportunities, enhancing employability as well as strengthening institutional capacity in conflict-affected areas. The ILO’s work in Yemen centres around three priority areas:

    • Promoting employment and private sector development
    • Enhancing efforts to address child labour
    • Strengthening labour governance and international labour standards


  1. Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Damage Assessment: Yemen

    As part of the ILO’s response to urgent needs in Yemen, this assessment measured the extent of damage incurred by those small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) most affected by the ongoing conflict in Sana’a City and its suburbs.