Agriculture accounted for 31 per cent of global employment in 2013, down from 45 per cent in 1991. While the numbers working in agriculture are expected to continue to decline over time, the sheer scale of the working poor in the sector, and the inherently dangerous and uncertain nature of agricultural work require that the world focus on addressing decent work deficits at all levels. Particularly in developing countries, there are major constraints that need urgent attention, including the largely unrecognized role of women in agriculture, inadequate skills, exclusion of agricultural workers from national labour laws, low wages, dangerous working conditions, and a high incidence of child and forced labour.
|Development Economies & EU||6.9||3.6||-47.8|
|Central & SE Europe (non-EU) & CIS||28.8||17.7||-38.5|
|South-East Asia & the Pacific||58.9||39.3||33.3|
|Latin America & the Caribbean||24.7||14.8||-40.1|
|Source: ILO, “Key indicators of the labour market” Geneva, 2014|
Under Outcome 5 of its Programme and Budget 2016-17, the ILO will support constituents, in line with country needs, at national sectoral and local levels in their actions to include decent work principles and practices in policies, strategies and programmes for agricultural and rural development. Its aim will be for improved livelihoods and food security, with an emphasis on extending social protection and rights at work and giving a voice to and improving the organization, working conditions, productivity and incomes of waged workers, including those on plantations, as well as of smallholders, small businesses and cooperatives.
- C129 Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Convention, 1969
- C184 Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention, 2001
- R192 Safety and Health in Agriculture Recommendation, 2001
Code of Practice
Report IV, ILC 97th session, 2008