Kyrgyzstan: support to enterprises for a just transition through greening process

In October-November 2023, trained consultants finished their baseline analysis visits to 16 small- and medium-sized enterprises selected in consultation with the tripartite constituents.

News | 30 November 2023
Sixteen national consultants (50% of women consultants) have been trained to support Kyrgyzstan’s efforts to promote greening of enterprises for a just transition toward low carbon economy.

Their task is to deliver the SCORE4Climate Module at pilot enterprises from the priority sectors.

SCORE4Climate is a training module recently developed under the ILO Sustaining Competitive and Responsible Enterprises (SCORE) programme that improves productivity and working conditions in enterprises through practical classroom training and in-factory consulting. It aims to support enterprises in starting their path toward a circular economy. It presents key concepts, good practices and practical tools to help enterprises, in particular SMEs, identify opportunities and generate innovative solutions to improve resource efficiency, clean production and circularity.

Baseline visits were conducted to 16 small- and medium-sized enterprises located in Bishkek: (11 enterprises), Chuy oblast (2 enterprises), Osh oblast (1 enterprise) and Djalal-Abad oblast (2 enterprises). They all expressed interest and commitment to participate in the SCORE4Climate training module. The selected enterprises operate in the priority sectors/subsectors for a just transition toward environmental sustainability, namely: manufacturing, textile & garments industry, agro-processing, food industry, handicraft, production of construction materials, services/tourism, waste management (plastic processing).

According to Rishat Kozhonov, one of the trained consultants, “during the baseline visits we mainly focused on screening the situation on Resource Efficiency and Clean Production (RECP) and Circularity. We checked enterprise facilities for the following dimensions: whether raw material use is monitored, whether a process to reduce material usage is in place and actions are taken, whether efficiency of raw materials, water, energy and chemicals use is monitored, what are waste reduction practices to reduce solid waste and grey water (sewage), whether there is a process to reduce emission, whether enterprises have Environmental Management System, and any Environmental Goals and Circular Economy practices”.

The process adopts a participatory approach involving management and workers into discussions, identifying the challenges and proposing improvement areas together. For this purpose, 16 small- and medium sized enterprises established Enterprise Improvement Teams that will develop innovative solutions to improve resource efficiency, clean production and circularity with the technical support of the ILO intervention.

Aisulu Meimankanova, one of the consultants, explains: “In addition to RECP and circularity aspects analysis, the team collected information on company profile, staff structure, key characteristics of the enterprises, and manufacturing process. Data were collected for the following modules: a) Workplace cooperation: whether there is a structured information sharing between managers and workers, whether 5S concepts and key performance indicators are available and tracked, what are the workers’ facilities; b) Customer orientation: whether regular customer feedback surveys are conducted, quality policy available and whether enterprise tracks KPIs on product and production quality; c) Defect’s reduction and machine maintenance: whether causes of defect are analysed and dealt with systematically, whether machines are regularly checked to prevent failure and energy loss; d) Workforce management: whether there are HR policies and guidelines; occupational safety and health practices, among other key aspects”.

Based on the analysis, enterprises on-site check-up and discussions, the consultants developed a list of key areas and issues requiring improvements which have been agreed with enterprises and validated by the SCORE master-trainer. In brief, key environmental improvements needed as identified through the baseline assessment are as follows: adjust indoor climate conditions, systematize waste sorting, monitor consumption of raw materials, energy, water, monitor storage and disposal of chemicals, reduce use of chemicals, raise awareness among employees on environmental responsibilities and risks, reduce the volume of solid waste.

As a follow-up, the consultants will develop tailored training materials on the identified improvement-requiring areas and conduct three more subsequent visits to the enterprises for training and coaching purpose.
The visits were organized in the framework of the International Labour Organization (ILO) project “Promoting just transitions for an environmentally sustainable economy in Kyrgyzstan”.