Forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking

  • Landmark Forced Labour Protocol enters into force

    "Ratifying countries are now obliged to implement the treaty and report on measures taken." Committee on Forced Labour, ILC 2014.

  • Sign up to end modern slavery

    24.9 million people in forced labour. $150 billion in illegal profits. Support the international treaty to end modern slavery for good.

  • Lured by a job, trapped in forced labour

    In search of a job to support his family, a man accepts an offer from a recruiter and signs a contract for what looks like a good job with decent wages. Once at destination, the reality is very different.

  • Fair recruitment Initiative

    There are 232 million international migrants and 740 million internal migrants. Most are migrating in search of decent employment and a better livelihood.
    Migrant workers who borrow money from third parties face an increased risk of being in forced labour.

  • Alliance 8.7: For a world without forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour

    About 24.9 million people globally are victims of forced labour. Some 152 million children are in child labour, about half in its worst forms, primarily hazardous work. Alliance 8.7 is a coalition committed to accelerating and intensifying actions to tackle this problem and achieve Sustainable Development Goal Target 8.7.

Facts and figures

  • At any given time in 2016, an estimated 40.3 million people are in modern slavery, including 24.9 million in forced labour and 15.4 million in forced marriage.
  • It means there are 5.4 victims of modern slavery for every 1,000 people in the world.
  • 1 in 4 victims of modern slavery are children.
  • Out of the 24.9 million people trapped in forced labour, 16 million people are exploited in the private sector such as domestic work, construction or agriculture; 4.8 million persons in forced sexual exploitation, and 4 million persons in forced labour imposed by state authorities.
  • Women and girls are disproportionately affected by forced labour, accounting for 99% of victims in the commercial sex industry, and 58% in other sectors
Source: Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour and Forced Marriage, Geneva, September 2017.

News

  1. 2020 Annual Forum on Business and Human Rights – High-level Virtual Plenary

    Remarks by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder

    16 November 2020

  2. COVID-19: Protecting workers in the workplace

    Fundamental rights for a better future of work

    12 November 2020

  3. © KB Mpofu / ILO 2020

    Rights at work

    Fundamental rights at work can help build back better from COVID-19

    28 October 2020

  4. International Day for Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition

    Joaquín Furriel: Slavery has no place in the modern world!

    24 August 2020

Focus on

  1. The Fair Recruitment Initiative

    The ILO has launched a global “Fair Recruitment Initiative” to: (i) help prevent human trafficking; (ii) protect the rights of workers, including migrant workers, from abusive and fraudulent practices during the recruitment and placement process; and (iii) reduce the cost of labour migration and enhance development gains.

  2. 2030 Agenda for sustainable development

    ILO contributions to achieve SDG Targent 8.7

    Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking, and end child labour in all its forms.

It's time to ratify the ILO's Forced Labour Protocol

  1. The new legally-binding ILO Protocol on Forced Labour aims to strengthen global efforts towards combating forced labour, trafficking and slavery-like practices. Governments now have the opportunity to ratify the Protocol and integrate new measures at the national and regional levels to combat this crime.

Publications

  1. Toolkit on Developing National Action Plans (NAP) on Forced Labour

    Toolkit on Developing National Action Plans (NAP) on Forced Labour - All Tools

    02 December 2020

  2. Toolkit on Developing National Action Plans (NAP) on Forced Labour

    Annex 4: The ILO Recommendation No. 203

    02 December 2020

  3. Toolkit on Developing National Action Plans (NAP) on Forced Labour

    Annex 3: The ILO Forced Labour Protocol

    02 December 2020