Just energy transition in Indonesia: The role of social protection in facilitating the process

This paper was initially prepared and submitted to the Just Energy Transition Working Group in May 2023 as part of the ILO’s technical contributions. It aims to facilitate discussions on how social protection could facilitate the just energy transition in Indonesia.

Energy transition presents both challenges and opportunities for Indonesia. It is estimated to be a net creator of jobs and a boost to global GDP. Despite the net employment gains, existing jobs will be lost – in 2018, the ILO estimated that around 6 million jobs may be lost by 2030 due to the transition to a green economy but around 24 million new jobs created was also forecast (International Labour Organization 2018). However, the transition will not happen automatically – appropriate accompanying policies are required.