BackgroundThe ILO and GRID Network, particularly Cewek Banget and HAI Online, conducted an online survey on transition from school to work in December 2019. A total of 2,442 respondents aged 18-24 years old from 10 cities in Indonesia participated in the survey. Based on the results of the survey, 80 percent of respondents stated that they were confident to get decent jobs. Out of the confident respondents, the majority (80,4%) have joined the transition programme from school to work. One of the transition programmes considered beneficial is the apprenticeship programme (92%).
The apprenticeship programme is considered beneficial as it provides an opportunity for youth to get working experiences and to improve their networking. Although most of youth recognize the benefits of the apprenticeship programme, unfortunately only 35 percent of them participate in the apprenticeship programme based on their initiatives and had beliefs that through the apprenticeship programme they could experience the real world of work, become more independent and improve their soft skills.
Since the social lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic, most of the apprenticeship programmes were stopped and the vocational training has been replaced with online trainings. On the other hand, Indonesia is still facing skills mismatch problem. Skills gained from schools are not relevant and suitable with the needs of industries. The apprenticeship programme is valued as one of the programmes that could address this problem. How are relevant stakeholders preparing current transition programme, particularly the apprenticeship programme after the corona and combine it with online vocational training? And how can Indonesia ensure its quality of human resources considering the demographic bonus that will be faced by the country in 10 years by 2030 and industrial revolution 4.0?
ILO in collaboration with the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) Jakarta will organize an interactive discussion to explore preparedness of relevant stakeholders for the implementation of quality apprenticeship programme, particularly in the new normal era. This is to ensure that the transition programme could still provide youth, especially those who participate in the vocational training, with competitiveness and competence that they need to enter the world of work.
- Encourage media coverage and reportage on the importance of transition programme to create quality human resources in Indonesia and to answer skills mismatch and industrial revolution 4.0 through quality apprenticeship.
- Share information with and raise journalists and media organizations awareness regarding the ILO’s result survey and its impact to the future vocational training in Indonesia, particularly in the new normal era.
- Further discuss actions that should be taken by relevant stakeholders, including the government and private sector in addressing demographic bonus faced by Indonesia and the urgent need of quality human resources.
- Share good practices from employers, government and workers through social dialogue to ensure the implementation of quality apprenticeship, particularly the transition pograme after the pandemic.