BackgroundOne of the strategic areas of ILO’s assistance to Indonesia is in the field of skills development to strengthen the national vocational strategy. The key element on the vocational strategy requires strong partnership between Industry and TVET.
Skills mismatch is one of the reason of unemployment in Indonesia. A lack of coordination and collaboration among stakeholders of skills development is a prominent one. Indeed, skills needs of enterprises are often not communicated to or well understood by VET planners and institutions; as a result skills development programmes fail to respond to changing skills demand. Intensifying industry-VET coordination in a systematic manner is a key to align skills supply and demand and reduce skills mismatch.
National Apprenticeship is one of vocational types to bridge and reduce skills mismatch. As youth are trained and given opportunities to practice their knowledge and skills in the industries. Lack of quality implementation on apprenticeship is one of the challenges that need to overcome to avoid labor exploitation.
Public awareness on the important of Industry-TVET partnership and quality apprenticeship need to be improved and expanded.
- Raise awareness of policy makers and social partners on quality apprenticeships to improve skilled labor.
- Raise awareness of policymakers and social partners on the important of Industries – TVET partnership to promote equal access to quality skill development.
- Deepen social dialogue on Indonesia’s framework on quality skill development.