Working Paper 21: "Export processing zones: Comparative data from China, Honduras, Nicaragua and South Africa"

This paper is a synthesis of studies on the Export Processing Zones (EPZ) experience in China, Honduras, Nicaragua, and South Africa. It assesses the historical features in each country that have given rise to a variety of EPZ models, and discusses the possibilities for social development in the different contexts, the creation of linkages, the working conditions within EPZs (as compared to similar industries in the non-EPZ sector) and the effect of the global economic crisis. Finally, the paper draws tentative conclusions regarding the overall performance of EPZs across sub-national and national contexts and raises questions to be addressed.