Outcomes for migrant workers in various migration corridors
The impact of labour migration is often looked upon from the perspective of the migrants’ origin or destination countries. There is usually lesser focus on migrant workers and their migration experience -- a void that the ILO is trying to fill with some of its current research.
The ILO’s Labour Migration Branch is keen on documenting the impact of existing labour migration programmes/schemes on a range of variables that concern outcomes for migrant workers, such as wages, working time, skills development, and social protection. “Labour migration programmes/schemes” in this context are programmes set up in common by migrant origin and destination countries, governing usually temporary stays of migrant workers, mostly concerning jobs that require mid-level or few skills, and often quota-based. It is expected that research in this area will ultimately help to identify programme designs/policies that make the migration experience particularly beneficial or problematic for migrant workers (for example regarding their treatment and future economic prospects).
Research on the migration corridor Indonesia — Republic of KoreaBased on an ILO-developed questionnaire, a survey has been undertaken in three Indonesian villages with a substantial number of return migrants from the Republic of Korea, to find out about their wages, working time, skills development and social protection before, during and after their migration experience.
- Outcomes for migrant workers: Returned Indonesian workers from South Korea (forthcoming).
- The Republic of Korea’s Employment Permit System (EPS): Background and Rapid Assessment.
Under this project some 150 bilateral and multilateral agreements have been mapped, categorized and analyzed and are searchable in the online repository.
For more information, please see: Full Report
See also: Research Brief
It is now planned to deepen the knowledge and examine how bilateral agreements are implemented, with what outcomes for migrants, using a case study methodology in three to four migration corridors. In the area of cost reduction, besides financial recruitment cost, social costs will be included in the analysis, and a value chain analysis of migration costs will be undertaken.