- Restoring and protecting productive capacity of lands
- Resilient infrastructure and climate change adaptation
- Livelihood and income security for the most vulnerable
Green works refer to strategies to create decent employment in infrastructure and related sectors (such as agriculture and environment) to build infrastructure and community assets that have direct environmental beneﬁts or are in response to a speciﬁc climate change hazard.
The effects of the changing climate are felt around the world, posing an increasing threat to the prosperity of people, economies and ecosystems. Climate change severely and disproportionately affects the poor in developing countries – not only because they are invariably more exposed and more vulnerable to climate-related impacts but also because they have less access to resources, and social and ﬁnancial sup- port, including social protection, for their survival.
EIIP assists and guides the identiﬁcation, design and implementation of interventions in support of climate change adaptation and mitigation. Climate change adaptation involves reducing risks and vulnerability, while seeking opportunities and building the capacity of affected communities and people to cope with the effects. Key areas of EIIP’s adaptation measures include:
- Irrigation, and water and land resource management in rural areas to address the variability and intensity of water supply and improve the quality of existing land.
- Flood control, drainage and water conservation structures both in rural and urban areas to deal with the variability and frequency of water availability.
- Rural transport improvement and maintenance to ensure that transport networks can withstand the increased level of rainfall and ﬂooding.
The Philippines is the third most dangerous country in the world in terms of natural calamities regularly experiencing strong typhoons that cause misery, death and destruction. Since 2000, more than 20 million individuals have been affected by a series of calamities including some super typhoons.
Through the EIIP local resource-based approach, the ILO facilitated the rehabilitation of affected communities by using local resources and manpower to provide decent work opportunities and generate immediate income for affected residents. It also helped in the recovery of basic services and the reconstruction of climate-resilient infrastructure, stimulating the local economy and restoring sustainable livelihoods.