Africa's largest displacement crisis
ContextWhile the political context in Sudan witnessed a historic shift in 2019, the humanitarian and development/economic situations have been subject to a continuous and significant decline. Due to more than a decade of economic sanctions and decades of violent conflict, especially in Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile state, support from financial institutions and development funding is limited.
Sudan is a state party to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. Although Sudan is not a Comprehensive Refugee Response Plan (CRRF) pilot country, the Government has been aligned with parts of the CRRF approach, for example, in terms of self-reliance, allocation of land for refugees in eastern Sudan, out-of-camp approach for South Sudanese refugees.
In 2014, Sudan adopted a new national law on refugees, the Asylum (Organization) Act. It contains several positive aspects, including the recognition of the three durable solutions of voluntary repatriation, local integration through naturalization and resettlement to third countries. Sudan also applies the Arab/Islamic principles of asylum with respect to some refugee nationalities such as Syrian, Yemeni, Iraqi and Palestinian nationals
Sudan is a source, transit and destination country for asylum-seekers, refugees and economic migrants along the East Africa Migratory Route into North Africa and Europe.
Targeted areasEast Darfur
As of 31 January 2020, 76,890 South Sudanese refugees reside in East Darfur; of these approximately 68% reside among host communities in self-settlements, while the remaining 32% are in two camps, Kario and Al Nimir
There are over 60,987 South Sudanese refugees. Almost all of them are located in self-settlements across the localities of Keilak, Abyei-Muglad and Babanusa.
Based on the Country Vision Note and the assessments/analysis of the partners in Sudan, the main challenges which will be addressed by the Partnership include:
- Absence of a favourable protection for forcibly displaced and host communities
- Poor access to education and training, and high dropout rates
- Lack of access to livelihoods and reliance on humanitarian assistance has created a situation of dependence
- Gender dynamics and dimensions
- Adolescents and Youth (aged 14-25) make up the largest demographics of refugees and displaced persons in Sudan, and fare among the most underserved
- Vulnerability to shocks (fragile environments, limited resources, climatic variability, and unpredictable periods of shortage and sufficiency)
Country Vision Note
Vision Note for a new Partnership between the Government of Netherlands, IFC, ILO, UNHCR, UNICEF and the World Bank in Sudan