Jua Kali is a collection of traders and artisans with a wide range of skills, including carpentry, metal work and welding, shoe repair, tailoring, automobile repair, plumbing and many others. With long years of work experience within a particular sector, the Jua Kali traders and artisans often become highly specialized in their skills area. At the same time, being subjected to a range of local requirements, they produce creative and cost-effective solutions for the community.
Nevertheless, the sector struggles with the challenges of informality, limited access to finance and business development services, low wages, and lack of social protection. As Ms Caroline Njuki, Chief Technical Advisor of ILO PROSPECTS in Kenya, explained, “Many of these informal workers are unable to complete formal education or training owing to limited access to funds and are thus forced to take up these informal forms of training and employment.”
In the Jua Kali sector, the execution of work and transfer of knowledge also follows an informal approach. “The traders and artisans learn from the local master crafts-persons and do not receive a degree or certificate for the skills they develop. This in turn deprives them from obtaining formal employment and stable income opportunities, despite their significant capabilities and competences,” added Njuki.
ILO PROSPECTS in Kenya aims to enhance the employability of refugee and host community youth through recognition of skills and prior learning by working with the Kenya National Qualifications Authority (KNQA). This partnership has been developed around the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) process, an assessment approach that focuses on workers’ abilities and enables them to be properly assessed, certified and awarded a qualification based on competency standards and learning outcomes in line with the Kenya National Qualifications Framework.
“Many workers in Kenya have excellent skills, but no papers to prove it. And they belong to the Jua Kali sector. Recognising their prior learning and acquired skills is a first important step towards formalising the informal. It will facilitate the assessment and certification of important skills that are contributing to national development,” said Dr Juma Mukhwana, Director General of the KNQA.
The RPL process will validate the under-recognised competencies of artisans and provide them a competitive edge in seeking other available national, regional and even international work opportunities.
In November 2021, the ILO in partnership with KNQA held a workshop to sensitize the leadership of the Kenya National Federation of Jua Kali Associations (KNFJKA) on RPL. Being an umbrella member organization advocating for and representing informal sector artisans, the KNFJKA is a key stakeholder in the implementation of RPL.
Mr Geofrey Ochola, National Programme Coordinator-for Skills Development, ILO PROSPECTS Kenya, noted, “The association has the potential to ensure that informal sector workers access the RPL process and obtain certified documentation for their competencies, as well as lobby for their members to be included in planned government programmes.”
This is what we have waited for over many years. It is a dream coming true. Certification through RPL will give our members self-esteem and boost their confidence as they will be rated on a comparable level, if not better, than other workers with similar skills sets and in the same occupations, and we are all ready for it."Mr Richard Muteti, CEO, KNFJKA
Assessment and certification will be carried out by Qualification Awarding Institutions (QAIs), such as the National Industrial Training Authority (NITA) and the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Curriculum Development, Assessment and Certification Council (TVET-CDACC). Ultimately, the operationalisation of this process will provide a solution to one of the main challenges that the sector has faced for many years, that of the lack of recognition of capacity and competencies.
“RPL will revolutionize the way the informal sector operates by injecting standards and hence improving the overall quality of work. Recognition of existing competencies is a first step towards this goal. The ultimate objective is to enable Jua Kali artisans to tap into other and more formal employment and entrepreneurship opportunities through this recognition and progress towards the goal of decent work for all,” said Njuki.