ILO/Sida Partnership on Employment Technical brief No. 2

Gender impacts of structural transformation

Structural transformation processes are not gender-neutral. They take place against a background of persistent gender segregation in sectoral employment. Drawing upon 10 country studies, this brief examines the gender impacts of structural transformation. It finds that for women to benefit from structural transformation processes engaging women in productivity-enhancing innovations in agriculture; making explicit policy choices to include women in high-productivity manufacturing; supporting investment and the expansion of decent work in care sectors; and in general providing a dynamic, pro-employment macroeconomic policy framework are key.