Technical Cooperation Programme between Qatar and the ILO

The Programme in Qatar reflects the common commitment of both the Government of Qatar and the ILO to cooperate on ensuring compliance with ratified international labour Conventions, as well as achieving fundamental principles and rights at work in the State of Qatar in a gradual manner during the period 2018–20.

The Programme lies within the Government of Qatar’s efforts to implement numerous reforms related to laws and regulations on employment, as well as to provide additional guarantees that promote and protect workers’ rights. It was developed as a result of consultations conducted between the ILO and Qatar.

This will be done through: improvement in payment of wages, enhanced labour inspection and OSH systems, refinement of the contractual system that replaced the kafala system and to improve labour recruitment procedures, increased prevention, protection and prosecution against forced labour, and promotion of the workers’ voice.

During the life of the Programme, the ILO Senior Technical Advisor in charge of this Programme will submit an annual progress report on the programme to the ILO Governing Body at its November session.

Strategic and immediate objectives

Wage protection
  1. The wage protection system (WPS) is enhanced and sanctions for non-payment of wages are enforced.
  2. A wage guarantee fund is established.
  3. A non-discriminatory minimum wage is adopted.
  4. The effective coverage of the WPS is expanded to cover Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), subcontractors and eventually domestic workers.
Labour inspection and occupational safety and health
  1. A labour inspection policy is implemented with a clear strategy and a related training plan for labour inspectors.
  2. The enforcement powers of labour inspectors are effective.
  3. Communication with migrant workers is improved through adequate interpretation facilities.
  4. An Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) policy is implemented with a clear strategy, including with respect to heat related risks, and is supported with an awareness raising campaign.
  5. A system for registering work injuries and occupational diseases is operational.
Employment contract system replacing the kafala system
  1. Law No. 21 and other relevant laws regulating recruitment and employment terms and conditions of migrant workers are implemented, reviewed, and revised in line with the comments of the ILO Committee of Experts.
  2. Relevant stakeholders are fully trained on the law and its subsequent revision.
  3. The 2017 domestic worker law is implemented and reviewed by the ILO.
  4. Recruitment practices are improved through better monitoring and regulation and the implementation of the Fair Recruitment guidelines in three migration corridors.
  5. Restrictions on migrant workers’ ability to change employer and exit the country are removed.
Forced labour
  1. Effective policies on human trafficking are developed based on a clear definition and forced labour indicators.
  2. A National Action Plan on forced labour which includes measures to address passport confiscation, contract substitution, and impediments to accessing justice for victims, is implemented.
  3. Assistance is provided for the development of the national strategy on human trafficking.
  4. In collaboration with the Qatar national committee on human trafficking, support is provided to improve coordination among relevant international bodies on forced labour and human trafficking.
  5. Training plans are developed and implemented to build the capacity of national enforcement authorities (police, public prosecutors, judges, and labour inspectors).
  6. Technical assistance is provided for the consideration of the ratification of the 2014 Protocol to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No.29).
  7. Awareness-raising activities on forced labour and the ILO general principles and operational guidelines for fair recruitment are carried out in collaboration with the Qatar Chamber of Commerce.
Promotion of the workers’ voice
  1. The national complaint mechanisms are strengthened through the establishment of monitoring systems aimed at improving performance.
  2. ILO support to workers in submitting complaints through Ministry of Administrative Development, Labour and Social Affairs to the national complaints mechanism to ensure fair and speedy process and absence of retaliation.
  3. Expatriate workers are aware of their rights and obligations, especially with regards to the submission of complaints, the documents required and various other procedural matters.
  4. Representative joint committees are established.
  5. The functioning and regulation of workers’ committees is improved.
  6. A national awareness-raising campaign on rights at work is carried out to support capacity building for all workers, employers and relevant government officials in Qatar.