BackgroundUzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia have transformed from the state-led socialist system to the open market one, which has improved the standard of living to some extent, while bringing in a lot of new challenges to labour and society.
Mongolia was traditionally agro-based with large numbers of herders raising cattle but these herders start migrating to urban areas for job opportunities after losses of cattle from severe cold a decade ago on the one hand, and because the urbanisation takes place so fast. For instance, Ulaanbaatar habituates around half of the total population in the country and without proper means of living, rural migrant workers are mainly engaged in the informal economy. The agriculture sector constitutes 26.7 per cent of total employment, are mainly self-employed or family based enterprises. Around 85 per cent of small enterprises employ fewer than 9 workers. Workers in SMEs and in the informal economy lack representation and of opportunities to interact with policymakers often negatively impacts informal operators. Tripartite partners in Mongolia have discussed the revision of the labour law over the years to adequately regulate the changing labour market. CMTU has a membership of around 222,254 members from its 22 province-level and 14 industrial-level unions as of 2017 and organised 2,339 enterprise unions. CMTU has committed to more actively organizing workers in the informal economy and seeks more engagements with unions from other countries to exchange information and experiences.
- To exchange views on challenges in the informal economy and union actions taken against those challenges;
- To strengthen the network and partnership among trade unions in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Mongolia to share information and good practices in tackling challenges;
- To identify common areas of joint action which can create synergy effect and benefit the unions in three countries.
- ILO policy on informal economy and Recommendation 204
- ILO Centenary Declaration on Future of Work
- Informal economy: National situations and trade union policies
- ILO ACTRAV Policy and Recommendations on Informal Economy in the regions