Policy Brief

Impacts of the chemical and pharmaceutical industries on the environment and working conditions in Viet Nam: Capacity-building of trade unions for a Just Transition

This policy brief has been developed through research done as part of a project aimed at building the capacity of trade unions concerning the ILO Guidelines for a Just Transition and encouraging them to launch campaigns aimed at securing a safe, secure and sustainable environment, society and workplace for all.

Briefing note | 31 July 2023
Viet Nam’s chemical and pharmaceutical industries represent an essential economic sector. However, these industries have a relatively high environmental footprint through their use of natural resources, the emission of greenhouse gases, and the generation of contaminants, mainly through wastewater. A transition towards an economically viable, environmentally sustainable, and socially inclusive growth scenario is needed.

This policy brief has been developed through research done as part of a project aimed at building the capacity of trade unions concerning the ILO Guidelines for a Just Transition and encouraging them to launch campaigns aimed at securing a safe, secure and sustainable environment, society and workplace for all. It reviews the environmental impact of the chemical and pharmaceutical industries on working and living conditions in Viet Nam and the readiness of the legal framework to manage these issues. In addition, it provides an analysis of the factors driving these industries toward more environmentally friendly business practices.