Indigenous and tribal peoples

  1. The ILO has been engaged with indigenous and tribal peoples’ issues since the 1920s. It is responsible for the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169), the only international treaty open for ratification that deals exclusively with the rights of these peoples. The ILO’s Decent Work Agenda, with gender equality and non-discrimination as a cross-cutting concern, serves as a framework for indigenous and tribal peoples’ empowerment. Access to decent work enables indigenous women and men to harness their potential as change agents in poverty reduction, sustainable development and climate change action.

Key resources

  1. © T.Lee

    International Labour Standards regarding indigenous and tribal peoples

    ILO's Convention No.169 is based on respect for the cultures and ways of life of indigenous and tribal peoples. It aims at overcoming discriminatory practices affecting these peoples and enabling them to participate in decision-making that affects their lives.

Sustainable Development Goals

  1. Achieving the SDGs: Indigenous and tribal peoples as agents of change

    Reaching the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their overall ambition of “leaving no one behind” will require specific attention to the rights, aspirations, and participation of indigenous women and men. Decent Work can enable indigenous and tribal peoples to play their part in achieving the 17 goals of the Sustainable Development Agenda by 2030.


  1. Status report

    Indigenous Peoples in the World of Work in Asia and the Pacific

    Compilation and analysis of indigenous peoples status in the world of work in 14 countries in Asia and the Pacific.

  2. UNIPP Success Stories

    Cooperating to promote and protect indigenous peoples' rights

    Since its launch in 2011 the United Nations-Indigenous Peoples’ Partnership (UNIPP) has already stimulated over 100 initiatives that will have a real impact on indigenous peoples’ lives and status.

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