Afghanistan became the 60th member of the International Labour Organization on 27 September 1934 and is considered an "original" member State of the ILO because it was an original member of the League of Nations. As a member State of ILO, Afghanistan has the right to fully participate in the activities of the Organization and to send representatives to the International Labour Conference each year. The Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disables (MoLSAMD) is the nodal ministry representing the government, The Afghan Chamber of Commerce & Industries (ACCI) representing employers and National Union of Afghan Employees (NUAE) representing the workers at International Labour Conference each year. Since 1934 Afghanistan has ratified 19 ILO Conventions including five ILO Core Conventions.
For the first time in 2003 ILO officially established a liaison office in Kabul, Afghanistan. The Office was involved in technically and financially supporting a number of national programmes and projects. On 17 July 2010 in close collaboration of tripartite constituents ILO Kabul Office introduced the Decent Work Country Programme for Afghanistan.