Publications

2020

  1. Questions & answers

    The role of social dialogue and the social partners in addressing the consequences of COVID-19 in the informal economy

    29 October 2020

  2. Questions & answers - Cambodia

    Three questions about the ILO’s project focussing on strengthening tripartite constituents’ capacity to recover from COVID-19 through dialogue and improved representation in Cambodia

    28 September 2020

  3. Paper

    Building back better for women: Women's dire position in the informal economy

    15 September 2020

  4. Publication

    Practical Guide on Teleworking during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond

    16 July 2020

  5. Brief

    Employers and workers negotiating measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, protect livelihoods and support recovery: A review of practice

    03 July 2020

  6. Brief

    Employment Protection throughout the World: A roundup of a decade of reforms (2009-2019)

    01 July 2020

    Key points: - Since 2009, the ILO has been monitoring legal changes in employment protection for over a hundred countries, recording the information in the ILO EPLex database. - Using these data, this brief shows that the past decade was rich in reforms of employment protection in case of individual dismissals. Some countries decreased their level of employment protection, while others increased it. - Overall, the world has moved to a more uniform level of employment protection. - Despite this, there remains a variety of legal approaches for achieving such seemingly similar levels of protection.

  7. Factsheet

    Impact of the COVID-19 crisis on loss of jobs and hours among domestic workers

    15 June 2020

    The ILO estimates that, in the early stages of the pandemic, on 15 March, 49.3 per cent of domestic workers were significantly impacted. This figure peaked at 73.7 per cent on 15 May, before reducing to 72.3 per cent on 4 June. The pandemic has had a particularly dire impact on domestic workers around the world. At the beginning of June 2020, the number of COVID-19 infections had exceeded 7.3 million cases affecting most countries and territories. As the number of cases and fear of contagion has spread, so too have confinement measures. To facilitate physical distancing, most countries adopted either full or partial lockdown measures to prevent transmission.

  8. International Domestic Workers' Day

    International Domestic Workers' Day

    Making decent work a reality beyond COVID-19

  9. Factsheet

    Temporary Wage Subsidies: Country examples

    22 May 2020

    This Appendix complements the ILO Factsheet on "Temporary Wage Subsidies". It offers country examples of temporary wage subsidies implemented during the Covid-19 crisis.

  10. Factsheet

    Temporary Wage Subsidies

    22 May 2020

    This factsheet provides an overview of temporary wage subsidies implemented during the Covid-19 crisis

  11. Factsheet

    Protection of workers' wage claims in enterprise insolvency

    21 May 2020

    Wages paid for hours worked is at the core of any employment relationship between a worker and employer. However, when enterprises encounter financial or economic difficulties, worker wages can be placed in jeopardy. If these difficulties are too overwhelming, in the worst case, enterprises may go into insolvency/bankruptcy. This can lead to significant concerns about outstanding wages that were not paid to workers at the time of the enterprise insolvency/bankruptcy. This factsheet provides an international overview of approaches taken to address the protection of workers' wages claims in the event of enterprise insolvency/bankruptcy.

  12. Working Paper

    The regulation of collective dismissals: Economic rationale and legal practice

    19 May 2020

    This paper offers a legal and an economic analysis of collective dismissals procedures. First, it explains the economic rationale for having collective dismissal procedures in place, in light of the fact that labour markets are not perfect. Second, it overviews the international labour standards pertaining to collective dismissals for economic reasons. Third, using information for 132 countries, it reviews and compares legal practices of collective dismissals throughout the world in the light of the international labour standards. The paper shows that the statutory regulations of collective dismissals are in fact very different from regulations of individual dismissals, not only in the types of the legal procedures that they contain, but also in their economic objectives. The paper also discusses the caveats of making cross-country comparisons of the degree of worker protection, and of the costs to employers, provided by these regulations.

  13. Brief

    COVID-19 crisis and the informal economy: Immediate responses and policy challenges

    05 May 2020

    This policy brief focuses on the immediate responses that countries can take to address the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic on the informal economy at its early stages, while pointing to areas that will need sustained investment in the future in order to ensure well-being and decent work for workers and economic undertakings in the informal economy. This brief will be followed by another on mid- to long-term responses, once the rapid propagation phase of the virus has passed.

  14. Factsheet

    Beyond contagion or starvation: Giving domestic workers another way forward

    05 May 2020

    In the wake of COVID-19, governments around the world have called on people to take one most important action: to stay home. But for many workers, staying home has meant losing their jobs, or worse still, losing their livelihoods.

  15. Factsheet

    Impact of lockdown measures on the informal economy - A summary

    05 May 2020

    As of April 2020, it is estimated that almost 1.6 billion informal economy workers are significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to a 60 per cent decline in their earnings.

  16. Brief

    Impact of lockdown measures on the informal economy

    05 May 2020

    As of April 2020, it is estimated that almost 1.6 billion workers in the informal economy have been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to an estimated decline in their earnings of 60 per cent.

  17. Guidelines

    Rapid assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on enterprises and workers in the informal economy in developing and emerging countries

    30 April 2020

    Identifying the needs and priorities of the groups in the informal economy that are the most vulnerable to the COVID-19 crisis is essential to develop adequate policy responses. These guidelines provide, a step by step approach to get this knowledge quickly by using methods of collecting information remotely, without interpersonal contact. It is a living methodology that will be improved and enriched on a constant basis.

  18. Technical Cooperation Project

    Indicators and methodologies for setting adequate wages

    21 April 2020

    The project seeks to develop indicators and methodologies that will strengthen the capacity of governments and social partners to negotiate and set adequate wage levels.

  19. Transition to formality

    Transition to Formality and Structural Transformation: Challenges and Policy options

    17 March 2020

    The book examines “new forms of informality” in developed and developing countries, and how our policies can be improved to respond to new evolving realities.

  20. Guidebook on

    How and why to collect and use data on industrial relations

    06 March 2020

    This guidebook is intended to support ILO’s tripartite constituents in the collection of data on industrial relations, including on trade union membership, on the coverage of collective bargaining agreements and on strikes and lockouts.