Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 68

Structural change and non-standard forms of employment in India

In the context of EU and OECD countries, formal employment contracts between the employer and employee for full time work can still be taken to be the norm, despite the growth of NSFE. In India and other developing countries, where self-employment, both in agriculture and outside it, is still the dominant form of employment, and where such employment is often characterized by indefinite hours of work and multiple modes of livelihood, the growth of NSFE and changes in employment characteristics have to be focused upon in paid work, within the context of the overall employment structural changes.