Factsheets and briefs

2022

  1. Factsheet

    Extension of collective bargaining agreements: Evidence from the updated IRLex database

    30 June 2022

    Collective bargaining agreements are the result of collective bargaining negotiations between one or more workers’ organizations on one hand and one or more employers or employers’ organizations on the other to determine working conditions and terms of employment and regulate the relationships between workers and employers and their respective organizations. As per general principles of contract law such agreements should be binding only on the signatory parties of the agreement. Nonetheless, often regulatory frameworks provide for the extension of collective bargaining agreements beyond the signatory parties subject to the respect of certain conditions or requirements. This factsheet based on the IRLex database, provides a comparative overview of legal frameworks regulating extension mechanisms.

  2. A review of country data

    Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on informality: Has informal employment increased or decreased?

    21 March 2022

2021

  1. Methodological note

    Diagnosis of informality

    20 December 2021

  2. Publication

    Purchasing practices and working conditions in global supply chains: Results from field work in Bangladesh, China, India, South Africa and Turkey

    01 October 2021

  3. Factsheet

    Global Wage Report 2020-21: Factsheet for the European Union

    21 May 2021

    This factsheet provides key findings for the European Union from the ILO flagship Global Wage Report 2020-21

  4. Brief

    From potential to practice: Preliminary findings on the numbers of workers working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic

    31 March 2021

  5. WIEGO Statistic Brief no. 27

    Home-based Workers in the World: A Statistical Profile

    19 February 2021

    Globally, 260 million women and men are employed in home-based work, including 35 million in developed countries.

  6. Theory of Change

    Transition from the informal to the formal economy - Theory of change

    29 January 2021

    This umbrella theory of change provides the main pathways for the transition to formality of workers and enterprises. It is a general framework that can inform the development of theories of change focused on a specific sector, occupational groups, forms of informality or policy areas.

2020

  1. Questions & answers

    The role of social dialogue and the social partners in addressing the consequences of COVID-19 in the informal economy

    29 October 2020

  2. Brief

    Employers and workers negotiating measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, protect livelihoods and support recovery: A review of practice

    03 July 2020

  3. Brief

    Employment Protection throughout the World: A roundup of a decade of reforms (2009-2019)

    01 July 2020

    Key points: - Since 2009, the ILO has been monitoring legal changes in employment protection for over a hundred countries, recording the information in the ILO EPLex database. - Using these data, this brief shows that the past decade was rich in reforms of employment protection in case of individual dismissals. Some countries decreased their level of employment protection, while others increased it. - Overall, the world has moved to a more uniform level of employment protection. - Despite this, there remains a variety of legal approaches for achieving such seemingly similar levels of protection.

  4. Factsheet

    Impact of the COVID-19 crisis on loss of jobs and hours among domestic workers

    15 June 2020

    The ILO estimates that, in the early stages of the pandemic, on 15 March 2020, 49.3% of domestic workers were significantly impacted. This figure peaked at 73.7% on 15 May, before reducing to 72.3% on 4 June.

  5. Factsheet

    Temporary Wage Subsidies: Country examples

    22 May 2020

    This Appendix complements the ILO Factsheet on "Temporary Wage Subsidies". It offers country examples of temporary wage subsidies implemented during the Covid-19 crisis.

  6. Factsheet

    Temporary Wage Subsidies

    22 May 2020

    This factsheet provides an overview of temporary wage subsidies implemented during the Covid-19 crisis

  7. Factsheet

    Protection of workers' wage claims in enterprise insolvency

    21 May 2020

    This factsheet provides an international overview of approaches taken to address the protection of workers' wages claims in the event of enterprise insolvency/bankruptcy.

  8. Policy Brief

    Working from Home: Estimating the worldwide potential

    07 May 2020

    Staying in one’s job but performing work remotely is an excellent strategy for mitigating job losses and allowing for the continuation of many of our economies’ functions, but also for keeping the population safe. The objective of this brief is to estimate the potential share of workers across the different regions of the world who could perform their activities from home, if needed, as well as to discuss some of the policy issues associated with working from home.

  9. Brief

    COVID-19 crisis and the informal economy: Immediate responses and policy challenges

    05 May 2020

    This policy brief focuses on the immediate responses that countries can take to address the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic on the informal economy at its early stages, while pointing to areas that will need sustained investment in the future in order to ensure well-being and decent work for workers and economic undertakings in the informal economy. This brief will be followed by another on mid- to long-term responses, once the rapid propagation phase of the virus has passed.

  10. Factsheet

    Beyond contagion or starvation: Giving domestic workers another way forward

    05 May 2020

    In the wake of COVID-19, governments around the world have called on people to take one most important action: to stay home. But for many workers, staying home has meant losing their jobs, or worse still, losing their livelihoods.

  11. Factsheet

    Impact of lockdown measures on the informal economy - A summary

    05 May 2020

    As of April 2020, it is estimated that almost 1.6 billion informal economy workers are significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to a 60 per cent decline in their earnings.

  12. Brief

    Impact of lockdown measures on the informal economy

    05 May 2020

    As of April 2020, it is estimated that almost 1.6 billion workers in the informal economy have been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, leading to an estimated decline in their earnings of 60 per cent.