Factsheets

2020

  1. Factsheet

    Impact of the COVID-19 crisis on loss of jobs and hours among domestic workers

    15 June 2020

    The ILO estimates that, in the early stages of the pandemic, on 15 March, 49.3 per cent of domestic workers were significantly impacted. This figure peaked at 73.7 per cent on 15 May, before reducing to 72.3 per cent on 4 June. The pandemic has had a particularly dire impact on domestic workers around the world. At the beginning of June 2020, the number of COVID-19 infections had exceeded 7.3 million cases affecting most countries and territories. As the number of cases and fear of contagion has spread, so too have confinement measures. To facilitate physical distancing, most countries adopted either full or partial lockdown measures to prevent transmission.

  2. Factsheet

    Temporary Wage Subsidies: Country examples

    22 May 2020

    This Appendix complements the ILO Factsheet on "Temporary Wage Subsidies". It offers country examples of temporary wage subsidies implemented during the Covid-19 crisis.

  3. Factsheet

    Temporary Wage Subsidies

    22 May 2020

    This factsheet provides an overview of temporary wage subsidies implemented during the Covid-19 crisis

  4. Factsheet

    Protection of workers' wage claims in enterprise insolvency

    21 May 2020

    Wages paid for hours worked is at the core of any employment relationship between a worker and employer. However, when enterprises encounter financial or economic difficulties, worker wages can be placed in jeopardy. If these difficulties are too overwhelming, in the worst case, enterprises may go into insolvency/bankruptcy. This can lead to significant concerns about outstanding wages that were not paid to workers at the time of the enterprise insolvency/bankruptcy. This factsheet provides an international overview of approaches taken to address the protection of workers' wages claims in the event of enterprise insolvency/bankruptcy.

  5. Factsheet

    Beyond contagion or starvation: Giving domestic workers another way forward

    05 May 2020

    In the wake of COVID-19, governments around the world have called on people to take one most important action: to stay home. But for many workers, staying home has meant losing their jobs, or worse still, losing their livelihoods.

2019

  1. Issue Brief no. 5 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Negotiating for decent working time - a review of practice

    10 December 2019

    This Issue Brief gives an overview of the regulation of working time through collective agreements in different regions of the world and outlines innovative solutions by the bargaining partners. It presents practices from various countries, which can advance a human-centered approach to the regulation of working time through collective bargaining.

  2. Publication

    Women and men in the informal economy: a statistical brief

    28 June 2019

    This is a joint publication by WIEGO and the ILO. It is a brief version of the 3rd edition of Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture (ILO 2018).

2018

  1. Factsheet no. 5 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Grievance handling

    19 March 2018

    Workers have rights and entitlements that are established in laws, employment contracts, collective agreements and workplace rules, as well as in custom and practice (the way things are normally done – and have been done for a long time – in a particular workplace, industry or occupation). We say that workers have a grievance when they believe that some aspect of these is not being respected by their employer. Grievances are usually described as ‘individual’ when only one worker is involved and ‘collective’ when a group of workers all believe they are suffering from the same breach of the rules. Grievances relate to addressing infringements of existing rights and entitlements, from bullying or harassment, to underpayment of wages, refusal to grant rest periods, weekly rest days or public holidays, discrimination or underpayment of bonuses or other entitlements.

2017

  1. Issue Brief no. 1 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Trends in collective bargaining coverage: stability, erosion or decline?

    01 November 2017

    Collective bargaining over wages and other working conditions between unions and employers is a key labour market institution in democratic societies. The coverage and impact of this institution varies over time and across countries. This policy brief examines differences in collective bargaining coverage for 75 countries.

  2. Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 10

    Formalizing domestic work

    23 June 2017

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  3. INWORK Policy Brief No. 10

    Purchasing practices and working conditions in global supply chains: Global Survey results

    09 June 2017

  4. INWORK Policy Brief No. 9

    Women in Non-standard Employment

    31 May 2017

2016

  1. Issue Brief no. 4 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Negotiating for gender equality

    27 September 2016

    Inequality of opportunity, treatment and outcomes between women and men still persists in global labour markets. Achieving gender equality in the workplace remains one of the biggest challenges for governments, social partners and management at enterprise level. Gender-based discrimination often occurs at the recruitment stage on grounds of pregnancy, or potential child bearing and rearing and the gender pay gap remains high across the world. In addition, women are more likely to be affected by violence at work, whether physical, psychological or sexual. This Issue Brief focuses on the obstacles to gender equality at work and how collective bargaining can be used as an effective tool to overcome these challenges.

  2. Factsheet - Working Conditions

    Rest Periods: Definitions and dimensions

    16 June 2016

  3. INWORK Policy Brief No. 8

    Employment Protection Legislation: New Approaches to Measuring the Institution

    11 January 2016

2015

  1. Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 9

    Making decent work a reality for migrant domestic workers

    17 December 2015

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  2. Domestic Work Policy Brief no. 8

    Domestic work voice and representation through organizing

    15 December 2015

    This document is part of a series of briefs on issues and approaches to promoting decent work for domestic workers.

  3. Factsheet no. 4 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    The application of collective agreements

    14 December 2015

    Ideally, workers and managers will ensure that collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) are applied. Managers will make sure that workers are paid the agreed rates and that working conditions are as specified in the latest agreement. Trade union officers will communicate with workers, explaining what has been agreed and discussing how to approach the implementation of any changes. Managers and trade union representatives together will monitor the application of the agreement and work together within agreed procedures to resolve any problems that arise with putting it into practice. In many circumstances, however, the application of agreements is not so straightforward.

  4. Factsheet no. 3 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Subjects for collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

  5. Factsheet no. 2 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining

    Representativity and recognition for collective bargaining

    14 December 2015

    If a collective bargaining agreement is to reflect a fair balance between the interests of the workers and employers that it covers, the organizations that negotiate on behalf of each side must be properly representative.