Enterprise Census (Economic census)

The economic census is an important activity carried out by many statistical offices with the aim of improving availability and quality of existing basic economic statistics and establishing or improving their survey frames or statistical business registers. An economic census is a statistical survey conducted on the full set of economic units belonging to a given population. It is the complete enumeration of a population or groups at a point in time with respect to well defined characteristics. For example, agriculture or manufacturing censuses. It provides, at regular intervals, the benchmark for economic indicators at national and local levels. For small economic activities or sub-populations, such as informal sector units, it may represent the only source of information. For many countries the census also provides a solid framework to develop sampling frames.

An economic census is a valuable source of benchmark information on total employment and size of establishments, employment by economic activity, hours of work, and earnings, among others. Employment is measured as the number of jobs held by employees, not the number of employed persons. The units of observation are establishments or enterprises. The value of the census is increased if the results can be employed together with the results of other economic surveys, as in the use of the census data as a basis or benchmark for short-term statistics. It can, for example, provide a statistical frame for other censuses or sample surveys. An Enterprise Census...