Labour Force and Child Activities Survey 2011-2012
Child Labour Survey
Information on child labour is important for the purposes of prioritising and targeting policy responses to children?s work. Child Labour is among the major causes of child abuse and exploitation and is a fundamental violation of children rights. It is among the obstacles in
achieving Universal Primary Education (UPE), Universal Secondary Education (USE) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In addition to harming the welfare of the individual children, child labour slows down broader national poverty reduction and development efforts of the country. Children who are forced out of school to child labour to help supplement income of their families are denied the opportunity to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills to aid
them get decent employment in future, leading to the poverty cycle.
The Uganda Bureau of Statistics with technical and financial support from ILO implemented the National Labour Force and Child Activities Survey 2011/12, a nationally representative sample targeting 7,200 households. This was the first survey of its kind to be implemented in Uganda.
The survey estimated the Uganda?s total population to be 31.3 million of which 51 percent were females yielding a sex ratio of 93 males per 100 females. Children aged less than 18 years accounted for 58 percent of the total population. Overall the findings revealed that there were
5.9 million households and of these, more than one quarter (27%) were being headed by females while less than one percent were headed by children. The mean household size was 5.3 persons with the rural areas having a higher mean household size of 5.6 persons compared to the urban areas with 4.4 persons.
Information on Education revealed that the Primary School Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) was 117 in 2012 with almost no differences between males and females while urban areas had a slightly lower GER (103%) than rural areas (118%). The overall Secondary School GER was 41 percent but the GER for urban areas (67%) was almost twice that of rural areas (37%).
The survey estimated 11.5 million children aged 6-17 years. Overall 39 percent of the children aged 6-17 years i.e. 4.3 million in absolute terms were involved in work in 2011/12 and about 89 percent attended school. The level of children?s involvement in work was closely linked to the place of residence. About 42 percent of the children in rural areas were in employment compared to 17 percent in urban areas. More than a half (51%) of the children in the Central
region and 40 percent in the Western region were in employment indicating that Central and Western regions had the largest proportions of children in employment.
Analysis by orphan hood status showed that double orphan involvement in employment was higher compared to single orphaned children and non-orphans. Overall, children with both parents dead were more involved in employment than their counterparts in other orphan hood status. School attendance was relatively higher for children with both parents alive than orphans.
Children?s work was overwhelming in the primary sector (agriculture, forestry and fishing)leading to the proportion of children involved in work in the primary sector being more than nine times the other two sectors combined (services and production). The proportion of children engaged in the primary sector accounted for about 93 percent of the total child workers. Kampala district which is wholly urban had the highest percentage of child workers engaged in
the service industry (79%). The survey findings indicated that working children put in an average of 19 hours of work per week in economic activities.
Household chores performed within one?s own household, also form an integral part of the daily lives of children in Uganda. Overall about 65 percent of children were involved in household chores. Girls were more likely to be assigned household chore roles than the boys and the level of involvement in household chores was more pronounced in rural children (66%) compared to urban children (58%).
Child labour, measured on the basis of the national legislation, is common in Uganda. Survey results indicated that about 1.5 million children in the age group 5-11 years were involved in work. In addition 252 thousand children aged 12-13 years worked in non-light economic activities and an additional 307 thousand 14-17 year-old children were at work in hazardous employment. Summing these three groups yielded a total of 2 million children aged 5-17 years who were in child labour (approximately 16% of the total children). The findings further showedthat one in every four working children (26%) carried heavy loads at their workplaces.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
CHILDREN AND HOUSEHOLDS
(i) Kampala City
(ii) Peri-Urban Kampala
(iii) Other Urban (excluding Kampala City and Peri-Urban Kampala)
(iv) West Nile Rural
(v) Karamoja Rural
(vi) Northern Rural
(vii) Eastern Rural
(viii) Central Rural
(ix) Western Rural
Unit of Analysis
CHILDREN AND HOUSEHOLDS
The NLF&CAS 2011/12 targeted the entire population across Uganda and to achieve this objective, 600 EAs 3 and 7,200 households were selected from the 2002 Population and Housing Census sampling frame.