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Substances able to produce occupational lung diseases

The list contains examples of chemical substances or processes were workers may be exposured to the concentration level that cause various adverse effects in respiratory system. Occupational exposure: by inhalation

Substance Source
Asbestos Mining, construction, manufacture of materials containing asbestos
Aluminium Manufacture of fireworks, ceramics, paints, electrical goods, abrasives, smelting
Ammonia Ammonia production, manufacture of chemicals, fertilizers, explosives
Arsenic Pesticides, pigments, alloys
Beryllium Ore extraction, some alloys, ceramics
Cadmium Electrical equipment, alloys, pigments, welding, smelting
Chlorine Bleaching, manufacture of paper and pulp, water purification, chlorinated chemicals and pesticides
Chromium Welding, metal treatment baths, paint pigments, production of chromium compounds
Coke oven emission Coke production
Hydrogen fluoride Solvent, plastics, films, manufacture of chemicals
Kaolin Pottery production
Manganese Various sources in metal and chemical industry
Nickel Ore extraction, smelting, electroplating, fossil fuel
Nitrogen oxides Welding, silo filling, explosives, exhaust gases
Organic dusts (cotton, hemp, etc.)
Ozone Welding, bleaching, water purification
Phosgene Pesticide and plastic production, accidental releases from chlorine containing chemicals (for example, by heating)
Perchloroethylene Dry cleaning, metal degreasing, grain fumigating
Silica Mining, stone cutting, construction, farming, quarrying
Sulphur dioxide Manufacture of chemicals, fumigation, bleaching, refrigeration
Talc Rubber and cosmetics industry
Tin Mining and processing of tin
Toluene 2,4-diisocyanate Manufacture of plastics
Xylene Important solvent, manufacture of resins, adhesives, paints and other chemicals

Table of contents

Updated by AS. Approved by EC. Last update: 30.11.2004.