Publications by title


  1. Report of the discussion

    09 October 2013


  1. Seventeenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS): 80 years of ILO statistical standard setting

    01 January 2004

  2. Simplified measurement of underemployment: Results of a labour force sample survey in Namibia

    01 June 1994

  3. Skills mismatch in Europe: Statistics brief

    24 October 2014

    This Statistics Brief analyzes the incidence of overeducation and undereducation (skills mismatch) in a sample of European economies. Mismatch patterns are shown to depend strongly on the measure of mismatch that is adopted, but overeducation is increasing and undereducation is decreasing on at least one measure in at least half of the countries for which such trends can be assessed. Differences in skills mismatch risk between age groups and sexes are discussed, and country-specific trends are identified.

  4. Social Dialogue Indicators Collecting information through Labour Force Surveys

    04 February 2013

    Freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining are at the core of decent work. They are fundamental rights at work and the foundations of sound industrial relations and effective social dialogue. Data and indicators on trade union membership and coverage of collective agreements, together with other qualitative indicators, are important for monitoring the progress made towards the effective realization of these rights at work. The measurement of these social dialogue indicators is also essential for assessing the quality of industrial relations and its impact on employment and working conditions.

  5. Social Dialogue Indicators International Statistical Inquiry 2008-09

    04 February 2013

    Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining are fundamental principles and rights at work. They are the bedrock of sound industrial relations and effective social dialogue. Indicators of trade union representation and collective bargaining coverage can assist in monitoring progress toward the realization of these rights. They also provide valuable information on the quality of industrial and employment relations and its role in labour market governance.

  6. Statistical aspects of minimum wage determination

    01 June 1997

    Outlines the types and sources of statistical data which are likely to be required when setting and reviewing minimum wages in a country. The statistical requirements of wage setting may assist and guide other countries in developing their statistical systems for the same purpose.

  7. Statistical pattern analysis and its procedure

    01 January 1997

    The "Statistical Pattern Analysis" (SPA) using a computer system is perhaps one of the simplest and most useful methods for statistical analysis in the case of integrated use of several indices. In this paper, two types of SPA are presented: firstly, an integrated observation method for several kinds of statistical data in the form of cross-table; and secondly, an analysis method for large scale data in the form of data matrices.

  8. Statistics in the ILO: Roles and responsibilities

    01 January 2003

  9. Statistics on Work - Brief No. 1 - What counts?

    31 July 2018

    The Statistics on Work - Brief No. 1 explores the potential role of light time-use approaches to measure productive activities in view of the latest standards on work statistics adopted by the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS) in 2013. Country practices in light time-use survey designs are scarce. The Brief provides a critical overview of the available evidence, highlighting their cost-effectiveness and respondent-friendly features as key assets for their potential integration with Labour Force Surveys to measure different forms of work, provided context variables and simultaneous activities are included. The Brief further identifies the need for testing in developing countries, where challenges related to illiteracy and informality will need to be addressed in the instrument design and data collection strategy.

  10. Statistics on international migration: A review of sources and methodological issues

    01 January 1996

    The present report complements a manual which aims at strengthening national capacity in generating relevant and more meaningful data on international migration required for policy formulation.

  11. Statistics on public sector employment: Methodology, structures and trends

    01 January 1999

  12. Statistics on the employment situation of people with disabilities: A Compendium of national methodologies

    01 November 2003

    This Compendium describes the methodologies currently in use in 95 countries to compile statistics on employment status in conjunction with disability.

  13. Status in Employment: a world survey of practices and problems

    01 January 2000

  14. Surveys of economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment

    13 June 2013

    In October 1982, the Thirteenth ICLS adopted new standards concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment (Resolution I of the Thirteenth ICLS). The resolution forms part of the standards and guidelines referred to in the Labour Statistics Convention, 1985 (No. 160), and Recommendation, 1985 (No. 170), of the International Labour Office. It replaces Resolution I of the Eighth ICLS (1954) concerning statistics of the labour force, employment and unemployment, and paragraphs 4-9 and 13 of Resolution I11 of the Eleventh ICLS (1 966) concerning measurement and analysis of underemployment and underutilisation of manpower.


  1. The First UN Millennium Development Goal: A Cause for Celebration?

    01 February 2005

  2. The Global Labour Income Share and Distribution

    04 July 2019

    The ILO dataset, developed by the ILO Department of Statistics, contains data from 189 countries and is drawn from the world’s largest collection of harmonized labour force survey data.

  3. The hours that we work: the data we need, the data we get

    01 January 2001

  4. The working poor - or how a job is no guarantee of decent living conditions

    03 May 2019

    This issue of ILOSTAT’s Spotlight on work statistics focuses on employed people living in extreme poverty around the world. Using ILO’s global estimates of employment by economic class, it shows the great progress achieved during the last few decades in reducing working poverty in the world, and how more effort is still needed to completely eradicate it, particularly considering the strong regional disparities.


  1. Uses and analysis of the ILO October Inquiry data on occupational wages and hours of work

    01 October 1996

    The purpose of this article is to describe and explain the various types of data provided by countries, and discuss how they might be used in analysis, in particular, for comparing occupational wage rates and earnings. The issues chosen for illustration do not cover all the possible uses to which the October Inquiry data can be put, but concentrate on the issues that are the most important and the most frequently raised.