Publications by title


  1. International definitions and prospects of Underemployment Statistics

    01 November 1999


  1. Labour Accounts: A Step Forward to a Coherent and Timely Description of the Labour Market

    01 March 2002

    Provide an overview of the characteristic features of Labour Accounts and present the framework used for implementation in Denmark, the Netherlands, and Switzerland, and the possible policy implications for the future.

  2. Labour accounts, core of the statistical system on labour

    01 June 1996

    This article reflects some of the main issues dealt with in a thesis on labour accounts, a part of the statistical system of labour. The thesis, successfully defended at the University of Amsterdam by the authors of this article, has been published in English by Statistics Netherlands.

  3. Labour market access - a persistent challenge for youth around the world

    12 March 2019

    The fifth issue of our series Spotlight on work statistics uses the first ever global estimates of youth not in employment, education or training along with other youth labour market indicators to explore the situation of youth in labour markets around the world, and unveil the additional challenges they face.

  4. Labour statistics which are useful for gender concerns

    01 January 1999


  1. Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work

    23 March 2011

    This Manual on the Measurement of Volunteer Work is intended to guide countries in generating systematic and comparable data on volunteer work via regular supplements to labour force or other household surveys. The objective is to make available comparative cross-national data on a significant form of work that is growing in importance but that is often ignored or rarely captured in traditional economic statistics. Doing so will help to fulfill the United Nations Secretary General’s recommendations in his follow-up to the implementation of the International Year of Volunteers report (United Nations, 2005) that governments “vigorously” pursue “actions to build up a knowledge base” about volunteer work and to “establish the economic value of volunteering.”

  2. Mapping the world of work: An international review of the work with occupational classifications and dictionaries

    01 January 1998

    This paper presents an overview of the work undertaken to develop, use and maintain national occupational classifications and dictionaries and the role of and corresponding work with the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-88) and its regional variants.

  3. Measurement of employment, unemployment and underemployment – Current international standards and issues in their application

    30 March 2007

  4. Measuring Employment in the Tourism Industries Beyond the Tourism Satellite Account: A Case Study of Canada

    15 May 2014

    The goal of this case study is to identify, describe and explain the Canadian practices of gathering, compiling, estimating, analyzing and describing tourism labour market information regarding persons employed in tourism industries primarily in terms of the characteristics of tourism workers rather than only in terms of jobs. As requested by the ILO, the particular personal and work characteristics featured in this case study include those found in the 2006 Canadian Population Census and the Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) such as: employment status, type of work, gender, occupation, educational attainment, membership in equity groups and seasonality of employment.

  5. Measuring employment and unemployment through labour force surveys in transition countries: Methodology and data

    01 October 1997

    This article contains methodological descriptions as well as employment and unemployment data collected through Labour Force Surveys in fourteen transition countries.

  6. Measuring public sector employment: a review of some methodological issues

    01 October 2003

  7. Measuring unemployment and the potential labour force in labour force surveys: Main findings from the ILO LFS pilot studies

    04 May 2018

  8. Measuring working time: an alternative approach to clasifying time use

    01 June 1998

    collected from different sources in Ukraine. Also, an alternative procedure to balancing is proposed – integration of data from different sources.


  1. New Methodologies for Collecting Occupational Injury Data

    01 January 2000


  1. Occupational injuries statistics from household surveys and establishment surveys

    13 February 2012

    The manual provides valuable advice to those involved in the production of statistics on occupational injuries, using sources other than the traditional notification systems. Its extensive chapters on concepts and definitions, as well as types of data and classifications, will serve as a reference to both producers and users of these statistics. While aimed at the collection of data through household surveys and establishment surveys, the manual will also be useful to those responsible for the systems for the notification of occupational injuries. It may serve to improve some of the elements of the data compiled through these systems. The training materials at the end will also be useful for training labour statisticians and users of the statistics.

  2. On measuring place of work

    01 January 2002

    The report examine why and how the issue of "place of work" was raised, discussed and tackled in various statistical fora. Then, in a second section, several countries’ experiences reviewed for this project are analysed. Third section tries to elaborate a conceptual framework for statistics on “place of work” and their use.


  1. Paid employment vs vulnerable employment

    05 June 2018

    Find out the latest trends in employment by status category and how paid employment compares to vulnerable employment around the world in Paid employment vs vulnerable employment, the third issue of our series Spotlight on work statistics.

  2. Persons outside the labour force: How inactive are they really? Delving into the potential labour force with ILO harmonized estimates

    01 August 2019

    Inactivity rates are increasing around the world, while the global population and labour force are ageing. But the inactivity rate is an aggregate measure overlooking the different profiles of people outside the labour force. This new Spotlight on Work Statistics explores the characteristics of the potential labour force, made up of persons outside the labour force with an attachment to the labour market.

  3. Producing Labour Statistics that are useful for addressing gender concerns

    01 March 2003

    This paper identifies areas where national labour statistics as commonly produced could be improved in order to make them more complete and increase their quality and usefulness for revealing distinctions between men and women in the labour market, as well as the particularities of the work of men and women.

  4. Projections of Economically Active Population

    21 May 2013

    Since 1971, the ILO has a programme on estimates and projections of the economically active population (EAP). The main objective of this programme is to provide constituents, international agencies and the public at large with the most comprehensive, detailed and comparable estimates and projections of the EAP in the world. In this context, regular estimates and projection are produced and published by the ILO.