Publications by subject


  1. Quick guide on measuring economic characteristics in the population census

    23 October 2019

    Population and housing censuses are a vital part of national statistical systems. They provide essential information on the structure, characteristics and housing conditions of a country’s population, and serve as a backbone to national household survey programmes and other statistical activities necessary to support informed policymaking. Capturing essential economic characteristics of the population in the census is recommended as a core topic for the 2020 Round of Population and Housing Censuses. To support these efforts, the ILO Department of Statistics, collaborates with the UN Statistics Division to issue updated international census recommendations aligned with the latest ICLS standards, and develops practical tools and training to support census planners in adapting these recommendations to the national context.

  2. ILO model questions on economic characteristics for Population Censuses (Version 1)

    23 October 2019

    This resource includes model question sequences suitable for inclusion in a census form to capture the UN recommended core and additional topics on economic activity, aligned with the latest standards adopted by the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS).

  3. ILO Model question on volunteer work for Population and Housing Censuses (Version 1)

    05 December 2019

    This technical note has been prepared by the ILO Department of Statistics to support countries that wish to include measurement of volunteer work participation in their Population and Housing Census.


  1. Seventeenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS): 80 years of ILO statistical standard setting

    01 January 2004

  2. Report of the Pilot Studies Analysis Workshop, Geneva, 15 to 18 November 2016

    16 January 2017

    The Labour Force Survey (LFS) Pilot Studies Analysis Workshop took place from 15 to 18 November 2016 in Geneva, Switzerland. It was organized by the ILO Department of Statistics. It hosted participants from the 10 countries participating in the pilot study. Representatives from FAO, UN Foundation and World Bank also attended the Workshop.


  1. A programme of wages statistics for the Caribbean

    01 March 1997

  2. Uses and analysis of the ILO October Inquiry data on occupational wages and hours of work

    01 October 1996

    The purpose of this article is to describe and explain the various types of data provided by countries, and discuss how they might be used in analysis, in particular, for comparing occupational wage rates and earnings. The issues chosen for illustration do not cover all the possible uses to which the October Inquiry data can be put, but concentrate on the issues that are the most important and the most frequently raised.

  3. Household production and income: some preliminary issues

    01 March 2000

    The present paper aims at contributing, for researchers on household income accounting, some of the experience acquired in the context of national accounting on the monetary valuation of households' non-market production. No attempt is made in this paper at analysing different concepts of household income.

  4. Income from households’ non-SNA production: A review

    01 March 2000

    The objective is to introduce the reader to issues relating to households’ non-SNA production especially in connection with the analysis of the distribution of income and poverty.

  5. The Global Labour Income Share and Distribution

    04 July 2019

    The ILO dataset, developed by the ILO Department of Statistics, contains data from 189 countries and is drawn from the world’s largest collection of harmonized labour force survey data.

Safety and health

  1. Comparison of occupational mortality between the Nordic countries and Japan, with analysis by age group in Japan, using micro-data and the Statistical Pattern Analysis (SPA) method

    01 January 2002

  2. New Methodologies for Collecting Occupational Injury Data

    01 January 2000

Public sector

  1. Statistics on public sector employment: Methodology, structures and trends

    01 January 1999

  2. Measuring public sector employment: a review of some methodological issues

    01 October 2003

Working time

  1. Measuring working time: an alternative approach to clasifying time use

    01 June 1998

    collected from different sources in Ukraine. Also, an alternative procedure to balancing is proposed – integration of data from different sources.

  2. The hours that we work: the data we need, the data we get

    01 January 2001

  3. Integrated framework for the measurement of working time

    01 January 1992

  4. An International Comparison of Unpaid Overtime Work Among Industrialized Countries

    01 September 2002

    The purpose of this paper is, firstly, to estimate the length of unpaid overtime work in Japan and the United States where direct data on the subject are not available , secondly, to compare these findings with other industrialized countries, such as the United Kingdom, Germany, and Canada, where the data are available, and lastly, to show the implications of the international comparison.