Publications by subject


  1. Quick guide on measuring economic characteristics in the population census

    23 October 2019

    Population and housing censuses are a vital part of national statistical systems. They provide essential information on the structure, characteristics and housing conditions of a country’s population, and serve as a backbone to national household survey programmes and other statistical activities necessary to support informed policymaking. Capturing essential economic characteristics of the population in the census is recommended as a core topic for the 2020 Round of Population and Housing Censuses. To support these efforts, the ILO Department of Statistics, collaborates with the UN Statistics Division to issue updated international census recommendations aligned with the latest ICLS standards, and develops practical tools and training to support census planners in adapting these recommendations to the national context.

  2. ILO model questions on economic characteristics for Population Censuses (Version 1)

    23 October 2019

    This resource includes model question sequences suitable for inclusion in a census form to capture the UN recommended core and additional topics on economic activity, aligned with the latest standards adopted by the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS).

  3. ILO Model question on volunteer work for Population and Housing Censuses (Version 1)

    05 December 2019

    This technical note has been prepared by the ILO Department of Statistics to support countries that wish to include measurement of volunteer work participation in their Population and Housing Census.

  4. From school to work

    16 December 2019

    Across the world today, there are more than 1.8 billion people between the ages of 15 and 29 – together comprising almost 20 per cent of the global population. Their situation in the labour market is tenuous and has captured the attention of the international community in recent years. Indeed, in 2018, young women and men were still three times more likely to be unemployed than adults and an estimated 21 per cent of the world’s youth were not in employment, education or training. Moreover, even when young people find jobs, they are often in precarious employment, characterised by low wages, uncertainty regarding hours and duration of contracts, and an absence of social security.

  5. Education pays off, but you have to be patient

    06 January 2020

    The educational level of the world’s labour force is increasing, but it is not always easy for highly educated workers to find jobs matching their expectations. This new Spotlight on Work Statistics explores the advantages and disadvantages of having a tertiary degree in the labour market.

  6. Monitoring labour markets amid lockdowns to contain the COVID-19 virus: Essential labour force survey content and treatment of special groups (Rev.1)

    08 April 2020

    Amid the challenges to continue LFS data collection, the international standards remain a central reference. This note provide guidance to countries maintaining LFS operations, on priority topics and handling issues becoming more prevalent such as job absences of uncertain duration, business closures and reduced job search.

  7. Consumer Price Indexes

    28 April 2020

    The COVID-19 crisis is affecting data collection activities of national statistical offices (NSOs) around the world, including for consumer price indexes (CPI).

  8. Guidance to data producers to maintain Labour Force Survey data collection

    29 April 2020

    The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting Labour Force Survey data collection in many ways. The most immediate impact for most countries is the suspension of face-to-face interviewing, with a move to telephone interviewing being the main approach under consideration by many. This note provides guidance to countries on the range of options available and challenges to deal with in order to change their data collection approach and maintain some continuity in data availability to the extent possible.

  9. Capturing impacts on employment and unpaid work using Rapid Surveys

    22 May 2020

    Lack of data on how households and workers are being impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic can severely affect the formulation of programmes and policies aimed to help those in most need. In times of crisis, rapid surveys may be a alternative source of information where official household surveys such as LFS have been halted or postponed. This note provides modules for rapid surveys to shed light on the COVID-19 impacts on paid and unpaid work.

  10. Consumer Price Index: Business Continuity Guidance

    26 May 2020

  11. Conceptual Framework for Statistics on Work Relationships

    02 June 2020

  12. Defining and measuring remote work, telework, work at home and home-based work

    05 June 2020

    Working from a distance and working at home are not new phenomena but the relevance of their measurement has increased, not least due to the Covid-19 pandemic. This notes provide guidance to data producers on how the four different concepts of remote work, telework, work at home and home-based work should be statistically understood, how they relate to each other, and how they can be measured through a household survey.


  1. Seventeenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS): 80 years of ILO statistical standard setting

    01 January 2004

  2. Report of the Pilot Studies Analysis Workshop, Geneva, 15 to 18 November 2016

    16 January 2017

    The Labour Force Survey (LFS) Pilot Studies Analysis Workshop took place from 15 to 18 November 2016 in Geneva, Switzerland. It was organized by the ILO Department of Statistics. It hosted participants from the 10 countries participating in the pilot study. Representatives from FAO, UN Foundation and World Bank also attended the Workshop.


  1. A programme of wages statistics for the Caribbean

    01 March 1997

  2. Uses and analysis of the ILO October Inquiry data on occupational wages and hours of work

    01 October 1996

    The purpose of this article is to describe and explain the various types of data provided by countries, and discuss how they might be used in analysis, in particular, for comparing occupational wage rates and earnings. The issues chosen for illustration do not cover all the possible uses to which the October Inquiry data can be put, but concentrate on the issues that are the most important and the most frequently raised.

  3. Household production and income: some preliminary issues

    01 March 2000

    The present paper aims at contributing, for researchers on household income accounting, some of the experience acquired in the context of national accounting on the monetary valuation of households' non-market production. No attempt is made in this paper at analysing different concepts of household income.

  4. Income from households’ non-SNA production: A review

    01 March 2000

    The objective is to introduce the reader to issues relating to households’ non-SNA production especially in connection with the analysis of the distribution of income and poverty.

  5. The Global Labour Income Share and Distribution

    04 July 2019

    The ILO dataset, developed by the ILO Department of Statistics, contains data from 189 countries and is drawn from the world’s largest collection of harmonized labour force survey data.

Safety and health

  1. Comparison of occupational mortality between the Nordic countries and Japan, with analysis by age group in Japan, using micro-data and the Statistical Pattern Analysis (SPA) method

    01 January 2002