Publications

2021

  1. Investing in career guidance (IAG Guidance Booklet)

    15 July 2021

  2. Global framework on core skills for life and work in the 21st century

    13 July 2021

    The new ILO global framework reflects the ongoing transformations and the emerging opportunities in the world of work.

  3. Case Study: Update on improving apprenticeship in the informal economy in Niger

    30 June 2021

    The education system in Niger has poor internal efficiency, with one of the lowest enrolment rates in Africa. The majority of young people outside the education system learn trades in enterprises in the craft sector, which in Niger has at least 900,000 workers1 in 206 trades.

  4. Case Study: Update on improving apprenticeship in the informal economy in Benin

    28 June 2021

    In Benin, access to formal technical and vocational education and training (TVET) is conditional on finishing the second year of secondary school, equivalent to completing nine years of education. However, among 5- to 17-year-olds, the median years in education is four. As a result, only 5 per cent of secondary age youth are in TVET, totalling around 50,000 young people.

  5. Case Study: The role of apprenticeships in the informal economy for skills development in Tanzania

    28 June 2021

    The Tanzanian government first recognized the importance of informal education and training in its 1995 Education and Training Policy, which states that nonformal and informal education and training shall be “recognized, promoted, strengthened, coordinated and integrated into the formal education and training system” (para 2.3.9). Until 2011, however, implementation of these policy pronouncements, grounded in careful analysis of labour market and training needs, was lacking. Whatever training took place, was conducted through informal apprenticeships in individual enterprises and had little to no ties with formal training or recognition (WB, 2013). Acknowledging the importance of establishing bridges between informal training and formal employment the new Education and Training Policy (2014) thus devotes issue 3.3.6 to the establishment of a system of recognition of competencies gained outside formally recognized institutions (URT, 2014). Moreover, the latest national strategy for growth and the reduction of poverty (2016- 2021) pledges to assess and recognize the skills of 200.000 informal apprentices and workers by 2021

  6. Financing and incentives for skills development: making lifelong learning a reality?

    25 June 2021

  7. Developing national career development support systems: Pathways to enhance lifelong career guidance, career education and career development support for workers

    08 June 2021

    This joint report by the ILO and the European Training Foundation (ETF) presents an analysis of how to develop career development support systems, including career guidance, career education and career development support for workers.

  8. Infographic: Skilling, upskilling and reskilling of employees, apprentices & interns during the COVID-19 pandemic: Findings from a global survey of enterprises

    02 June 2021

    This survey report is the accomplishment of the collaborative efforts of 10 international and regional development organizations.

  9. Skilling, upskilling and reskilling of employees, apprentices & interns during the COVID-19 pandemic: Findings from a global survey of enterprises

    25 May 2021

    This survey report is the accomplishment of the collaborative efforts of 10 international and regional development organizations.

  10. Promoting Social Cohesion and Peaceful Coexistence in Fragile Contexts through TVET - Guide for TVET practitioners

    13 May 2021

    This Guide aims to assist ILO constituents and technical and vocational education and training (TVET) practitioners to strengthen the role of skills development policies and programmes in peacebuilding efforts through inclusive learning methodologies and the training of relevant core skills.

  11. Ghana, Nigeria and Togo: Towards mutual recognition of skills in the agriculture and construction sectors

    07 May 2021

    In West Africa, the lack of pathways between skills systems, the weakness of recognition of prior learning systems, and the lack of relevant upskilling opportunities remains a major barrier to social inclusion and access to decent work for migrant workers. This is particularly the case for low- and medium-skilled workers, who constitute the majority of labour migrants in the sub-region

  12. ILO Skills and Lifelong Learning Newsletter, April 2021

    30 April 2021

    Monthly Newsletter of the ILO SKILLS Branch

  13. Strategic Staff Management in SMEs to Support Lifelong Learning: A Literature Review

    28 April 2021

    This literature review provides a solid entry point into the still under-researched area of staff management in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs).

  14. What role do apprenticeships play in the future of work?

    19 April 2021

  15. Perspectives on policy and practice: Tapping into the potential of big data for skills policy

    07 April 2021

    This publication has been prepared by the interagency technical vocational education and training (TVET) group on skill mismatch in digitised labour markets, to support experts and policy-makers who wish to engage in discussion on the potential of web-based big data for skills policy.

  16. Key findings: Skills development in the time of COVID-19: Taking stock of the initial responses in technical and vocational education and training

    26 March 2021

  17. ILO Evaluation Tool for the Review of a Country’s Apprenticeship Policy and System

    25 March 2021

    The ILO Evaluation Tool comprises guidelines and questionnaires and gives guidance on how to evaluate a country’s apprenticeship policy and system.

  18. A human-centered approach to Skills and Lifelong Learning: The role of Trade Unions

    24 March 2021

    It is important for trade unions to have skills development and Lifelong learning (LLL) on their agendas, and even more so when confronted with the many challenges created by the pandemic. In fact, skills development and LLL that are human-centered, based on ILS and the engagement of social partners through social dialogue, are key to build a better normal in the post-COVID world and trade unions need to be part of this endeavour.

  19. STEM in TVET Curriculum Guide

    23 March 2021

    An Initiative of the ILO Women in STEM Workforce Readiness and Development Programme

  20. Flyer: ILO Skills and Employability Branch

    17 March 2021