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  Social Security Database:
"Brief presentation on the 8 branches included in the database


Sickness  
  Sickness programs cover short-term illnesses, which result in incapacity to work (usually up to one year, afterwards the case is considered under disability programs). Cash benefits are paid out to compensate, for the loss of earnings (part or all).

Maternity  
  Maternity programs are designed to maintain earnings for working mothers before and after giving birth. Maternity programs can be related to sickness or family allowances.

Old Age  
  Old-age benefits represent usually the largest share of social security expenditures. It is probably also the area with the most varied provisions. It is designed to provide resources to former workers who stop their activities or to any person reaching retirement age.

Invalidity (also called disability)  
  Disability programs provide resources to persons who have disability.

Survivors (also called death)  
  Survivors' programs are usually part of the old-age pension programs. Survivors' benefits are paid when a member of the family dies, as rights to the survivors.
The branches old-age, disability and survivors' usually provide annuities, except when the program is a provident fund, in which case a lump sum is paid (sometimes there is a possibility to convert the lump sum into an annuity).

Work injury  
  This branch provides compensation for work-connected injuries and occupational illnesses. It is probably the most widely covered social security risk in the world.

Unemployment  
  Unemployment benefits are usually paid only to involuntarily unemployed workers, who are capable and available for work. Unemployment programs are usually provided to compensate after a lay off. But some unemployment programs may not be related to a previous activity such as unemployment assistance programs.

Family allowances  
  Family allowances can include very different provisions, from school grants, birth grants, maternal and child health services, supplements for adult dependents? The database has mainly collected information on the most common family benefits, which are children's allowances.