The Sectoral Activities Department is the ILO’s repository of knowledge on sector-specific labour and social issues. Research and studies conducted, in line with the ILO’s research policies, deal with emerging and priority issues of strong interest for ILO’s sectoral constituents.

Working Papers, vehicles for disseminating information on a range of topics related to the world of work and the evolution of social and labour policies and practices for a given sector, are regularly published and widely disseminated. Background reports and issues papers, which provide more in-depth analysis on specific issues, are also published for discussion at international tripartite meetings and global dialogue fora.


  1. The future of work in the health sector

    06 February 2019

    This paper explores how changing technology, demographics and other drivers will change work in the health care sector. Such changes will provide opportunities and pose challenges to governments, employers and workers in the field.

  2. The future of work in textiles, clothing, leather and footwear

    06 February 2019

    This working paper on the future of work in textiles, clothing, leather and footwear (TCLF) has been prepared for ILO constituents and other key actors in the TCLF industries to facilitate their discussions in the centennial year of the ILO and beyond.

  3. Safety and working conditions in small-scale mining: The case of selected small-scale metallic mines in the Philippines

    05 February 2019

    The study examines the existing policies and regulations that govern mine safety and the working conditions of those engaged in the small-scale mining. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that safety and health policies and programmes should be formulated in consideration with the context within which the small-scale miners are situated.

  4. A descriptive study on safety and working conditions in selected large-scale surface mines in the Philippines

    05 February 2019

    The study seeks to examine policies and regulations that govern mine safety and analyze the working conditions of those engaged in the industry. Using qualitative data, the research results underscore that both employers and workers have duties and responsibilities to undertake to ensure safe and healthy workplaces.

  5. Challenges and opportunities for decent work in the culture and media sectors

    14 January 2019

    The present study examines employment in culture and media in 16 countries, from four regions, and covering the very diverse world of the media and culture. This encompasses: musicians, actors, dancers, journalists, screenwriters, technicians and creators of audio-visual and live performances, and visual artists.


  1. Decent Working Time for Nursing Personnel: Critical for Worker Well-being and Quality Care

    19 December 2018

    This policy brief highlights the importance of decent working time arrangements for the quality of care, and provides practical information on addressing working time issues with a focus on nursing personnel.

  2. Does Piece Rate Pay Impact Perceived Occupational Hazards in Garment Factories? Evidence from Vietnam

    30 August 2018

  3. Employment terms and conditions in tertiary education

    14 August 2018

    Issues paper for discussion at the Global Dialogue Forum on Employment Terms and Conditions in Tertiary Education (Geneva, 18–20 September 2018)

  4. Social dialogue in the public service in selected countries of the European Union

    19 July 2018

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the regulation and practice of social dialogue in the public service at the European Union (EU) level and within a group of EU countries, with a focus on the forms of social dialogue other than collective bargaining and their evolution after the onset of the 2008 economic crisis.

  5. Occupational safety and health in public health emergencies: A manual for protecting health workers and responders

    26 June 2018

    This manual provides an overview of the main OSH risks faced by emergency responders during disease outbreaks and other emergencies, such as natural disasters, chemical incidents, radiological emergencies and emergencies involving conflicts.