The scope of essential services: Laws, Regulations and Practices

marking the ILO’s Centenary, the Sectoral Policies Department is pleased to present a comprehensive sample of practices in the definition and application of essential services. This sample shows how member States have implemented the principles of the ILO Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise, 1948 (No. 87) through legislation and jurisprudence, particularly in the public services.