The chemical industry is a highly capitalized industry. Much of the manual work has been replaced by automation, but significant parts of the operation still rely on human input. Workers’ skills are therefore crucial to the stable production and growth of the industry. The aim of this study is to explore good practices of vocational education and training (VET) in the chemical industry in India, which is one of the leading chemical producers in Asia. This study also examines how tripartite and bipartite social dialogue in India can contribute to improving engineering education and vocational training programmes and activities to ensure that all employees in the chemical industry can remain as a productive workforce in the chemical industry.