Publications and tools


  1. Social security gap in the coffee sector in Indonesia

    27 February 2019

    This study aims to provide policy recommendations for improving social security coverage (BPJS Ketenagakerjaan or BPJS TK), by exploring how social security schemes are implemented in different sectors and revealing the attitude in social security between different types of employment and different chains.

  2. 100 years of social protection. The road to universal social protection systems and floors. Vol. 1: 50 country cases

    07 February 2019

    This book is a compendium of 50 country good practices in building national social protection systems including floors.

  3. Towards universal social protection for children: Achieving SDG 1.3

    06 February 2019

    The importance of ensuring adequate social protection for children has long been high on the agenda of both the ILO and UNICEF. For children, social protection takes on a special significance, since the negative effects of poverty and deprivation in childhood have ramifications that can last a lifetime.


  1. Social protection. A solution for sustainable development

    31 October 2018

    This leaflet presents social protection in a pedagogic way and the contribution of the ILO to the extension of social protection to all.

  2. Reversing pension privatization: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern European and Latin American countries (2000-18)

    31 October 2018

  3. Pension Privatization and Reversal of Pension Reforms in Argentina

    30 October 2018

  4. Reversing pension privatization in Bolivia

    30 October 2018

  5. Reversing privatization and re-nationalizing pensions in Hungary

    30 October 2018

  6. Reversing pension privatization in Kazakhstan

    30 October 2018

  7. Reversing pension privatization: The case of Polish pension reform and re-reforms

    30 October 2018

  8. The Reversal of Pension Privatization in Ecuador

    30 October 2018

  9. Repeal of the privatization of the pension system in Nicaragua

    30 October 2018

  10. The Reversal of Pension Privatization in Venezuela

    30 October 2018

  11. Second-pillar pension re-reforms in Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia, Romania, and Slovakia. Benefit payouts amidst continuing retrenchment

    30 October 2018

  12. From principles to practice: A method for identifying income sufficiency when applying International Legal Standards

    30 October 2018

    Is access to sufficient level of income required for social protection, and if so at what level? Although ILO Conventions and Recommendations make reference to income standards, much about them has been left unspecified.

  13. The ILO Multi-Pillar pension model: Building equitable and sustainable pension systems

    27 September 2018

    Social Protection for All Issue Brief

  14. Social protection for older persons: Policy trends and statistics 2017-19

    26 September 2018

  15. Universal Basic Income proposals in light of ILO standards: Key issues and global costing

    30 August 2018

  16. Building an adequate U.S. labor and social protection system for the 21st century

    05 June 2018

    Over the last several decades the economic prospects facing U.S. workers and households have changed in substantial ways. For most, it has been a change for the worse. This paper is intended to bring analytical clarity and focus to the issues that currently confront workers, households and policy makers in the spheres of employment and social protection.

  17. Is biometric technology in social protection programmes illegal or arbitrary? An analysis of privacy and data protection

    05 June 2018

    Social protection programmes require processing significant data amounts, including often-sensitive information such as household assets, health status and physical or intellectual disabilities. Now more than ever, it is critical to address issues of privacy and data security in social protection programme design, implementation and evaluation.