Publications and tools

2004

  1. Social security, poverty reduction and development. Arguments for enlarging the concept and coverage of social security in a globalizing world

    06 November 2004

    The paper has attempted to put forward a number of arguments for enlarging both the concept and the coverage of social security especially in developing countries. It argues that social security should address the twin problems of deficiency and adversity. As such the concept of social security has been enlarged to include, what may be called, Basic Social Security (BSS) to take care of deficiency and Contingent Social Security (CSS) to meet contingencies.

  2. Sharpening the Focus on the Poor: Policy Options for advancing social health protection in Indonesia

    06 November 2004

    Sixty per cent of Indonesia's population is working in the informal sector; most of them are poor and lack social health protection. Extending coverage to the informal sector will make the poor more productive and employable. Overcoming exclusion of the poor from social health protection and cutting links between poverty and health is a pre-requisite for social and economic development. It will contribute to achieving human dignity and social justice.

  3. International Experience with Social Assistance Schemes. Five Country Case Studies. ILO, 2004

    01 November 2004

  4. Sex equality and social security. Selected rulings of the European court.

    01 January 2004

  5. Social security reform and gender equality. Recent experience in Central Europe.

    01 January 2004

  6. The impact of tax-financed pensions on poverty reduction in Latin America. Evidence from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica and Uruguay.

    01 January 2004

  7. Financing social protection

    01 January 2004

    Designing social protection systems that are effective and equitable as well as fiscally, financially and economically efficient has been a challenge for many countries. Offers a comprehensive overview of the many financing options available while also provides a thorough analysis of their advantages and disadvantages and their financial and economic implications. The most important task of social protection systems is to alleviate and prevent poverty.

  8. Actuarial practice in social security

    01 January 2004

    Presents technical material on valuation covering a wide-range of risks including old age, survivors, disability, sickness, maternity, employment injury, and unemployment. Provides concrete examples of work done by actuaries. It discusses the valuation of pensions, short-term cash benefits like sickness, maternity and unemployment insurance and examines the valuation of employment injury benefits as well. In addition, the book devotes special attention to what should be included in the actuarial report and presents a practical exercise to illustrate the important points discussed in the volume.

  9. Extension of social security coverage for the informal economy in Indonesia. Surveys in the urban and rural informal economy. Working Paper N° 11

    01 January 2004

    There is no single solution to extend the coverage of social security to the informal economy workers. To this goal, the report proposes a combination of the following three options: Extending the existing statutory social security schemes; Creating a special scheme for the informal economy workers; and Encouraging the development of micro-insurance schemes.

  10. Needs assessment survey: identifying the social protection priority needs of cooperative societies' members in Karnataka

    01 January 2004

  11. Thailand social security priority and needs survey

    01 January 2004

  12. Technical Note on the Extension of Social Security to the Informal Economy in Thailand

    01 January 2004

  13. Topics in Quantitative Analysis of Social Protection Systems

    01 January 2004

    The objectives of the actuarial valuation of social security pension schemes is to set out the future contribution rates which ensure the long-term solvency of the schemes. This paper examines the implications of three financial indicators and develop premium formulae which satisfy the required financial conditions.

2003

  1. The Welfare Fund for Construction Workers in Tamil Nadu

    06 November 2003

    Although there are some social security schemes of national application in India, such as the Employees Provident Fund Scheme, they focus on the organized sector, whereas there is a need for a national social security policy. Some states, however, have given greater priority to social security through the establishment of non-contributory social assistance schemes, and the national government has in recent years tried to reinforce these efforts through the National Social Assistance programme. Some states such as Tamil Nadu and Kerala have also given priority to providing social security to unorganized workers through the development of welfare funds based on occupational groups.

  2. The Bono Solidario in Ecuador. An exercise in targeting

    06 November 2003

    The goal of social protection systems is to promote equal opportunities by granting benefits to the vulnerable segments of society who lack access to basic goods and services. This is an ongoing function, since the risk of marginalization and exclusion is always present, and may even increase during economic crises. These systems must ensure that situations of temporary poverty do not become permanent, thereby avoiding losses of human and material capital. They must also guarantee a basic level of consumption to the poor and indigent, while at the same time ensuring that these segments of the population are targeted by programmes and policies aimed at changing their living conditions in the long term. In 1999, the budget items "Total Social Spending", "Solidarity Fund" and "Other Specific Programmes" together accounted for 6.2 per cent of the country's GDP.

  3. Social protection and crises in the Congo. From humanitarian aid to sustainable development

    06 November 2003

    The objective of providing emergency aid for needy people must not suffer from trial and error, strategies for integrating people into the economy must be devised and implemented by creating jobs and providing training and social protection in an integrated manner. This approach would help recipients to evolve beyond the dependency on welfare inherent in humanitarian programmes and empower them in a programme for development.

  4. Social programmes, food security and poverty in Peru

    06 November 2003

    Recommendations are aimed mainly at improving targeting by going beyond the isolated concept of poverty and by encouraging intersectoriality. In terms of how the programmes respond to public demand, there is a need to incorporate the perception of poverty and extreme poverty by the poor, as well as the means for overcoming these, as objectives and mechanisms of the social programmes.

  5. Linking community initiatives to national institutions. Ghana.

    01 January 2003

  6. From reform to crisis. Argentina's pension system.

    01 January 2003

  7. Non-contributory pensions and social protection

    01 January 2003

    Examines non-contributory pension schemes found in a small number of countries, paying particular attention to the large cash transfer programmes in Brazil and South Africa. It evaluates the effectiveness of these programmes, and considers the feasibility of establishing similar schemes in other developing countries. This evaluation is complex both because non-contributory pension programmes have multiple objectives, and because there is considerable diversity of socio-economic and cultural conditions across the developing world.