Publications and tools

2020

  1. Extending social security to workers in the informal economy

    30 June 2020

    Key lessons learned from international experience

  2. An ILO for All Seasons-The International Labour Organization's Ways out of Crisis

    29 June 2020

    Over a hundred years, the ILO has developed International Labour Standards and Policy Responses to mitigate the effects of employment and social crises.The COVID-19 pandemic has shown how hasards move in a globalized world. It has highlighted the need to use the tools that are available for countering social and economic crises and securing the safety and health of workers. This book traces the development of these tools and the ways in which they have been successfully applied over the last hundred years.

  3. Extending social security to workers in the informal economy: Lessons from international experience

    29 June 2020

    For most workers in the informal economy, the lack of social protection is a challenge not only in their daily struggles to make ends meet but in their aspirations to obtain decent work, rights and dignity. For the societies in which they live, the lack of social protection coverage weakens social justice and undermines inclusive growth and the realization of human rights.

  4. Social protection for migrant workers: A necessary response to the COVID-19 crisis

    24 June 2020

    The COVID-19 pandemic represents a major public health challenge and is having serious economic and social impacts on origin, transit and destination countries, as well as on migrant workers and their families and on businesses and their operations.

  5. Social protection responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in developing countries: Strengthening resilience by building universal social protection

    14 May 2020

    Social protection is an indispensable mechanism for delivering support to individuals during the crisis. This document takes a detailed look at the role of social protection measures in addressing the COVID-19 outbreak in developing countries

  6. Sickness benefits during sick leave and quarantine: Country responses and policy considerations in the context of COVID-19

    14 May 2020

    The COVID-19 health crisis has revealed important coverage gaps in terms of entitlements to social protection in case of sickness.

  7. Sickness benefits: An introduction

    14 May 2020

    Sickness benefits provide income security in case of illness. They promote the realization of the human rights to health and to social security, while supporting public health and the prevention of poverty.

  8. Social protection responses to the COVID-19 crisis: Country responses and policy considerations

    22 April 2020

    Social protection systems are an indispensable part of a coordinated policy response to the unfolding crisis, ensuring that people can effectively access health care while supporting job and income security for those most affected.

  9. Social Protection Monitor: Social Protection Responses to the COVID-19 Crisis around the World - Second edition

    08 April 2020

    This note summarizes the results of the Social Protection Monitor that tracks announcements of social protection measures responding to the possible impacts of the COVID-19 crisis - Updated on 6 April 2020

  10. Towards Universal Health Coverage: Social Health Protection Principles

    26 March 2020

    Social health protection provides a rights-based approach to reaching the objective of universal health coverage that ensures financial protection and effective access to health care services.

  11. Social Protection Monitor: Social Protection Responses to the COVID-19 Crisis around the World

    26 March 2020

    This note summarizes the results of the Social Protection Monitor that tracks announcements of social protection measures responding to the possible impacts of the COVID-19 crisis.

  12. Global Social Protection Week. A call to achieving SDG 1.3 and universal social protection in the context of the future of work

    25 February 2020

    This document presents the outcome of the discussions of the Global Social Protection Week, held under the auspices of the ILO from 25 to 28 November 2019 in Geneva.

  13. Social protection systems for all to prevent homelessness and facilitate access to adequate housing

    20 February 2020

    The role of social protection systems in reducing poverty and inequality, preventing homelessness, and facilitating access to adequate housing.

2019

  1. Extension of social protection to workers in informal employment in the ASEAN region

    31 December 2019

    The report outlines recent trends in informal employment, challenges and opportunities for extending social protection, by different categories of workers and countries. It also documents relevant country experiences and lessons, and proposes recommendations to the regional and national policy debates on the extension of social protection coverage from legal, administrative and financial perspectives.

  2. How to extend social protection to workers in informal employment in the ASEAN region

    31 December 2019

    This policy brief is based on the findings and recommendations of the report, Expansion of Social Protection to Workers in Informal Employment, from the International Labour Organization. The report outlines recent trends in informal employment as well as the challenges and opportunities for extending social protection to all workers across the member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It describes the gaps and needs of specific groups of workers who are more likely to be excluded from social protection coverage. Structured around a proposed typology of strategies, the report documents relevant country experiences and lessons from those experiences, drawing conclusions and proposing recommendations to invigorate the regional and national policy debates on the extension of social protection coverage.

  3. Improving social protection for internal migrant workers in China

    12 December 2019

    The report further argues that the social security coordination mechanism used among EU Member States could be a useful reference for China. It suggests to: 1) enhance the centralized management of social security funds at the national level; 2) eliminate household registration restrictions to allow migrant workers to register in the social security schemes for urban and rural residents at the place of employment; 3) upgrade the social security information system; and, 4) improve the efficiency of the transfer of social security records and benefits between provinces.

  4. Improving the social protection of workers migrating between China and the EU countries

    12 December 2019

    With fast growing international trade and exchanges, international migration between China and EU countries has increased greatly in recent decades. Past experiences in a number of countries have shown that the conclusion of bilateral social security agreements (SSAs) is an effective way of improving the social protection of migrant workers.

  5. Maternity income protection in Southern and Eastern Africa. From concept to practice

    02 December 2019

    This publication is part of a collaboration of the ILO with the Eastern and Central Africa Social Security Association (ECASSA) to encourage the move from employer liability systems to social insurance based systems and to provide universal and comprehensive coverage.

  6. Measuring financing gaps in social protection for achieving SDG target 1.3: Global estimates and strategies for developing countries [Executive summary]

    25 November 2019

    Social security is a human right but it is not yet a reality. Only 45 per cent of the global population are effectively covered by at least one social protection benefit, while the remaining 55 per cent – as many as 4 billion people – are unprotected. Closing the coverage gap will require additional investments in social protection, which can and should be achieved by increasing the “fiscal space” for social protection.

  7. Measuring financing gaps in social protection for achieving SDG target 1.3: Global estimates and strategies for developing countries

    25 November 2019

    Social security is a human right but it is not yet a reality. Only 45 per cent of the global population are effectively covered by at least one social protection benefit, while the remaining 55 per cent – as many as 4 billion people – are unprotected. Closing the coverage gap will require additional investments in social protection, which can and should be achieved by increasing the “fiscal space” for social protection.