Publications and tools


  1. Social Protection in the Cultural and Creative Sector - Country Practices and Innovations

    20 April 2021

  2. Extending social security to workers in the informal economy. Information and awareness

    15 March 2021

    If workers and employers do not know what social protection schemes are available to them, what their rights and responsibilities are and how they can access such schemes, then social protection policies and programmes have little chance of succeeding. Limited access to information and awareness may significantly hinder the extension of social security.

  3. Extending social security to domestic workers

    12 March 2021

    Key lessons learned from international experience

  4. Extending social security to workers in the informal economy

    12 March 2021

    Key lessons learned from international experience

  5. Assessment of the Social Security Responses to COVID-19

    08 March 2021

    The report reviews the COVID-19 situation and economic data, the social security and related measures implemented to address the economic and social consequences of the COVID-19 pandemics during the first lockdown in the second quarter of 2020.

  6. Extending social protection to rural populations: Perspectives for a common FAO and ILO approach

    11 February 2021

    Extending social protection for all is core to the work of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). The present paper lays out the specific profiles, risks and vulnerabilities of rural populations and explores options to extend social protection coverage to them.

  7. Countering unemployment in the United Kingdom

    05 February 2021

    This report charts the evolution of measures to combat unemployment in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland over the three decades 1970–2000.

  8. China's move to measuring relative poverty: implications for social protection

    01 February 2021

  9. Enterprise Formalization: Tailored registration, tax and social security requirements for MSEs

    25 January 2021

  10. Towards solid social protection floors? The role of non-contributory provision during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond

    21 January 2021

    The COVID-19 crisis has emphasized the importance of guaranteeing access to at least essential health care and to basic income security for all over the life cycle, as stipulated in the Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202).

  11. Assessment of the Social Protection System in Georgia

    19 January 2021

    The assessment of a social protection system in the Republic of Georgia carried out at the outset of the COVID-19 global pandemic reiterates the importance of national social protection floors to protect people in case of different risk across the lifecycle and covariate shocks. Social protection floors (SPF) promote four essential guarantees: i) access to essential health care services including maternity benefits; ii) children’s income security through family and child benefits; iii) minimum income security for those who are not able to earn sufficient income; and iv) access to pensions for old age and disability. SPF policies should facilitate effective access to essential goods and services and be implemented in close coordination with other policies enhancing employability, reducing informality and precariousness and creating decent jobs.


  1. Rules and practices of severance pay in Indonesia - the Labour Law Number 13 of 2003

    23 December 2020

    This paper aims at systematically organizing multiple factors and presenting a comprehensive framework for calculating termination payments according to the law.

  2. Exploring policy options for an employment insurance scheme in Indonesia

    08 December 2020

    This paper primarily aims at exploring parametric options to design an employment insurance scheme in Indonesia, and discusses pros and cons for each policy option.

  3. Legal, financial and administrative considerations for an employment insurance system in Indonesia

    02 December 2020

    The present report brings together additional research and findings concerning the potential introduction of employment insurance in Indonesia. It provides background and context to the ongoing dialogue on the subject as well as some preliminary insights on what could be achievable.

  4. Handbook on social health protection for refugees: Approaches, lessons learned and practical tools to assess coverage options

    09 November 2020

    The purpose of this handbook is to guide UNHCR public health and programme staff and ILO staff working on social protection at country level on the considerations and practical steps required to assess options for the inclusion of refugees in national social health protection schemes.

  5. Assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on the socio-economic situation in Uzbekistan: Income, labour market and access to social protection. Overview of crisis measures and ways to improve state policy

    03 November 2020

    This report was prepared by the joint team from the International Labour Organization (ILO) and national consultants from Republic of Uzbekistan.

  6. An assessment of the social protection system in Uzbekistan Based on the Core Diagnostic instrument (CODI) A joint report by ILO, UNICEF, and the World Bank

    30 October 2020

    This report was prepared by the joint team from the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Bank, and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Fieldwork for the assessment took place between October 2018 and August 2019.

  7. Financing gaps in social protection

    21 October 2020

    Global estimates and strategies for developing countries in light of the COVID-19 crisis and beyond.

  8. The Protection We Want: Social Outlook for Asia and the Pacific

    15 October 2020

    The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for well-functioning social protection systems in the region as never before. A new UN report reveals that despite their rapid socioeconomic ascent, most countries in the Asia-Pacific region have weak social protection systems riddled with gaps.

  9. The role of social dialogue in formulating social protection responses to the COVID-19 crisis

    07 October 2020

    Social dialogue is not only essential for informing social protection preparedness prior to shocks, but also for formulating immediate responses in crisis contexts when there is a high risk of social conflict. Social dialogue should be pursued on a continuous basis as countries address the various phases of crises and tackle the particular challenges arising in the medium and long terms.