Books and reports


  1. Social protection assessment based national dialogue. Towards a nationally defined social protection floor in Thailand

    09 May 2013

    An exploratory study on the relation between the extension of social security and corporate social responsibility of multinational enterprises.


  1. Social security for all. Building social protection floors and comprehensive social security systems. The strategy of the International Labour Organization

    20 December 2012

    This document lays out the social security strategy of the International Labour Organization on the extension of social security. The ILO's two-dimensional strategy provides clear guidance on the future development of social security in countries at all levels of development. Its horizontal dimension aims at establishing and maintaining social protection floors as a fundamental element of national social security systems. The vertical dimension aims at pursuing strategies for the extension of social security that progressively ensure higher levels of social security to as many people as possible, guided by ILO social security standards. Together, these two dimensions aim at building comprehensive social security systems in line with national priorities, resources and circumstances.


  1. Social Protection Floor for a Fair and Inclusive Globalization

    27 October 2011

    Report of the Social Protection Floor Advisory Group chaired by Michelle Bachelet. In many ways the power of the social protection floor lies in its simplicity. The floor is based on the idea that everyone should enjoy at least basic income security sufficient to live, guaranteed through transfers in cash or in kind, such as pensions for the elderly and persons with disabilities, child benefits, income support benefits and/or employment guarantees and services for the unemployed and working poor.

  2. Sharing Innovative Experiences: Successful Social Protection Floor Experiences

    01 January 2011

    The present publication was produced in partnership between the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). This volume highlights 18 case studies on social protection policies from 15 countries of the global South. It is the first to bring together examples of good social protection floor practices for South-South learning. The knowledge, expertise and experience that these countries have gained in their own efforts of establishing an SPF represent a valuable source for other countries interested in planning, expanding, extending or reorienting their own SPF systems. The case studies were written by representatives from national and local governmental agencies, scientific institutions and national practitioners as a learning tool.


  1. World Social Security Report 2010/11. Providing coverage in times of crisis and beyond

    16 November 2010

    This is the first in a new series of biennial reports that aim to map social security coverage globally, to presenting various methods and approaches for assessing coverage, and to identifying gaps in coverage. Backed by much comparative statistical data, this first report takes a comprehensive look at how countries are investing in social security, how they are financing it, and how effective their approaches are. The report examines the ways selected international organizations (the EU, OECD and ADB) monitor social protection and the correlation of social security coverage and the ILO Decent Work Indicators. The report's final section features a typology of national approaches to social security, with a focus on countries' responses to the economic crisis of 2008 -- and the lessons to be learned, especially concerning the short- and long-term management of pension schemes.

  2. Extending Social Security to All

    16 November 2010

    This book outlines basic concepts such as the social protection floor and the social security staircase, analyses the affordability of various approaches, and examines the results of practices around the world, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

  3. ILO Contribution to Pension Reform in Chile

    20 July 2010

    This document presents the main ILO actions and initiatives in support of the 2008 Pension Reform proposed by the Government of Chile and unanimously approved by National Congress.

  4. Employment and social security protection in the new demographic context

    01 January 2010


  1. Tanzania Mainland. Social protection expenditure and performance review and social budget

    18 February 2009

    This report takes into account demographic and macroeconomic information specific to mainland Tanzania and makes projections from a baseline year based on the two types of social protection schemes - contributory and non-contributory.

  2. Zambia. Social protection expenditure and performance review and social budget

    12 February 2009

    This report, a review of the output of the first year's work of the project, examines the objective of extending social protection coverage in the country.


  1. Social protection expenditure and performance review. Slovak Republic

    27 September 2005

    Presents a description of the social protection system in the Slovak Republic, the main trends in social protection expenditures, the coverage of the population, and the adequacy of benefits. Covers the period 1989-2001.


  1. Financing social protection

    01 January 2004

    Designing social protection systems that are effective and equitable as well as fiscally, financially and economically efficient has been a challenge for many countries. Offers a comprehensive overview of the many financing options available while also provides a thorough analysis of their advantages and disadvantages and their financial and economic implications. The most important task of social protection systems is to alleviate and prevent poverty.

  2. Actuarial practice in social security

    01 January 2004

    Presents technical material on valuation covering a wide-range of risks including old age, survivors, disability, sickness, maternity, employment injury, and unemployment. Provides concrete examples of work done by actuaries. It discusses the valuation of pensions, short-term cash benefits like sickness, maternity and unemployment insurance and examines the valuation of employment injury benefits as well. In addition, the book devotes special attention to what should be included in the actuarial report and presents a practical exercise to illustrate the important points discussed in the volume.


  1. Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion. Volume 2. A Case Study of Slovenia

    01 January 2002

    This study looks at social security reform in three EU accession equality. It examines two broad categories of benefits: family benefits (including maternity benefits, family allowances, and child care benefits) and pensions (retirement and survivors' protection).

  2. Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion. Volume 1. A Case Study of Hungary

    01 January 2002

    This study looks at social security reform in three EU accession equality. It examines two broad categories of benefits: family benefits (including maternity benefits, family allowances, and child care benefits) and pensions (retirement and survivors' protection).

  3. Standards for the XXIst century - social security

    01 January 2002

    International labour standards are by nature universal in their vocation. They are intended to be applied by the 175 member States of the ILO, irrespective of their legal system or their level of economic development. It should also be recalled that ILO Conventions are international treaties of a specific nature. They are adopted by the Conference, which is composed of representatives of the governments of member States, as well as representatives of workers and employers.


  1. Social Security: a new consensus

    01 November 2001

    This book contains the committee's conclusions from the ILC 2001, large extracts from the report of the Committee's discussions, and the whole of the report: "Social Security: Issues, Challenges and Prospects", which was prepared as a basis for the Committee's discussions. As regard to extending social protection it says that there is need for research, experimentation and innovation.

  2. Towards decent work: Social protection in health for all workers and their families

    01 January 2001

    This paper describes the conceptual framework of The STEP programme relating to the fight against exclusion from social protection in health. Then, it proposes an original definition and characterisation of this exclusion. It also provides an in-depth analysis of its most frequent causes. Lastly, it reviews possible solutions to this problem taking into account its various dimensions.


  1. Social budgeting

    01 January 2000

    The first part of the book provides guidance for designing a social accounting system. The second part shows how the relationships between the economy and the social protection system can be translated into a quantitative model which permits projections and simulations to be carried out. Includes two concrete country applications.

  2. Social security pensions. Development and reform. Executive summary

    01 January 2000

    This is a valuable reference for anyone concerned with reforming or establishing pension programmes and for those looking to understand the practicalities and structure behind various pension schemes. By providing a balanced assessment and factual review of what various countries around the world have done, this book assists decision-makers in forming effective, viable pension policy.