Books and reports


  1. Child Benefits in Central and Eastern Europe - A comparative review

    13 October 2016

    The purpose of this report is to review the social protection policy for children in Central and Eastern European countries. In particular, the analysis of this report focuses on cash child benefits (family allowances) and their impact on child poverty.

  2. Extending social security to the informal economy - Evidence from Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Moldova

    13 October 2016

    This report analyses effects of the informal economy on social security, and discusses possible policy measures to extend the social security coverage for workers in the informal economy.

  3. Promoting social insurance: Dedicated for herders

    30 September 2016

    The self-learning manual for herders on social insurance. The manual was produced only in Mongolian.

  4. Bulgan and Tsatsral are getting familiarized with social insurance

    30 September 2016

    The comic book for students and young people provides basic information about social insurance in Mongolia including its all five schemes. The book is available only in Mongolian.

  5. Extending the social security coverage for farmers in the Republic of Moldova: findings and recommendations based on the social security assessment survey

    28 July 2016

    In the Republic of Moldova, agriculture is a major economic sector. However, farmers and agricultural workers are one of the most disadvantaged groups who are not adequately covered by social security. The extension of coverage to agricultural workers may face various challenges due to the specific vulnerabilities they face. These conditions make it all the more important to provide adequate social protection for this group.


  1. The state of social protection in ASEAN at the dawn of integration

    25 November 2015

    The ASEAN Declaration on Strengthening Social Protection channels a growing consensus in the region that the establishment of Social Protection Floors is fundamental for reducing poverty and inequality and promoting inclusive and sustainable growth.


  1. Social protection assessment based national dialogue. Towards a nationally defined social protection floor in Thailand

    09 May 2013

    An exploratory study on the relation between the extension of social security and corporate social responsibility of multinational enterprises.


  1. Social security for all. Building social protection floors and comprehensive social security systems. The strategy of the International Labour Organization

    20 December 2012

    This document lays out the social security strategy of the International Labour Organization on the extension of social security. The ILO's two-dimensional strategy provides clear guidance on the future development of social security in countries at all levels of development. Its horizontal dimension aims at establishing and maintaining social protection floors as a fundamental element of national social security systems. The vertical dimension aims at pursuing strategies for the extension of social security that progressively ensure higher levels of social security to as many people as possible, guided by ILO social security standards. Together, these two dimensions aim at building comprehensive social security systems in line with national priorities, resources and circumstances.


  1. Social Protection Floor for a Fair and Inclusive Globalization

    27 October 2011

    Report of the Social Protection Floor Advisory Group chaired by Michelle Bachelet. In many ways the power of the social protection floor lies in its simplicity. The floor is based on the idea that everyone should enjoy at least basic income security sufficient to live, guaranteed through transfers in cash or in kind, such as pensions for the elderly and persons with disabilities, child benefits, income support benefits and/or employment guarantees and services for the unemployed and working poor.

  2. Sharing Innovative Experiences: Successful Social Protection Floor Experiences

    01 January 2011

    The present publication was produced in partnership between the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). This volume highlights 18 case studies on social protection policies from 15 countries of the global South. It is the first to bring together examples of good social protection floor practices for South-South learning. The knowledge, expertise and experience that these countries have gained in their own efforts of establishing an SPF represent a valuable source for other countries interested in planning, expanding, extending or reorienting their own SPF systems. The case studies were written by representatives from national and local governmental agencies, scientific institutions and national practitioners as a learning tool.


  1. World Social Security Report 2010/11. Providing coverage in times of crisis and beyond

    16 November 2010

    This is the first in a new series of biennial reports that aim to map social security coverage globally, to presenting various methods and approaches for assessing coverage, and to identifying gaps in coverage. Backed by much comparative statistical data, this first report takes a comprehensive look at how countries are investing in social security, how they are financing it, and how effective their approaches are. The report examines the ways selected international organizations (the EU, OECD and ADB) monitor social protection and the correlation of social security coverage and the ILO Decent Work Indicators. The report's final section features a typology of national approaches to social security, with a focus on countries' responses to the economic crisis of 2008 -- and the lessons to be learned, especially concerning the short- and long-term management of pension schemes.

  2. Extending Social Security to All

    16 November 2010

    This book outlines basic concepts such as the social protection floor and the social security staircase, analyses the affordability of various approaches, and examines the results of practices around the world, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

  3. ILO Contribution to Pension Reform in Chile

    20 July 2010

    This document presents the main ILO actions and initiatives in support of the 2008 Pension Reform proposed by the Government of Chile and unanimously approved by National Congress.

  4. Employment and social security protection in the new demographic context

    01 January 2010


  1. Tanzania Mainland. Social protection expenditure and performance review and social budget

    18 February 2009

    This report takes into account demographic and macroeconomic information specific to mainland Tanzania and makes projections from a baseline year based on the two types of social protection schemes - contributory and non-contributory.

  2. Zambia. Social protection expenditure and performance review and social budget

    12 February 2009

    This report, a review of the output of the first year's work of the project, examines the objective of extending social protection coverage in the country.


  1. Social protection expenditure and performance review. Slovak Republic

    27 September 2005

    Presents a description of the social protection system in the Slovak Republic, the main trends in social protection expenditures, the coverage of the population, and the adequacy of benefits. Covers the period 1989-2001.


  1. Financing social protection

    01 January 2004

    Designing social protection systems that are effective and equitable as well as fiscally, financially and economically efficient has been a challenge for many countries. Offers a comprehensive overview of the many financing options available while also provides a thorough analysis of their advantages and disadvantages and their financial and economic implications. The most important task of social protection systems is to alleviate and prevent poverty.

  2. Actuarial practice in social security

    01 January 2004

    Presents technical material on valuation covering a wide-range of risks including old age, survivors, disability, sickness, maternity, employment injury, and unemployment. Provides concrete examples of work done by actuaries. It discusses the valuation of pensions, short-term cash benefits like sickness, maternity and unemployment insurance and examines the valuation of employment injury benefits as well. In addition, the book devotes special attention to what should be included in the actuarial report and presents a practical exercise to illustrate the important points discussed in the volume.


  1. Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion. Volume 2. A Case Study of Slovenia

    01 January 2002

    This study looks at social security reform in three EU accession equality. It examines two broad categories of benefits: family benefits (including maternity benefits, family allowances, and child care benefits) and pensions (retirement and survivors' protection).