Protecting rural populations

Extending social protection to rural populations: Perspectives for a common FAO and ILO approach

Extending social protection for all is core to the work of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). The present paper lays out the specific profiles, risks and vulnerabilities of rural populations and explores options to extend social protection coverage to them.

Section 1 of this paper discusses the bottlenecks and barriers that hinder the extension of social protection in rural areas. It also acknowledges the heterogeneity of rural populations in terms of income-generating activities, employment status or land tenure and aims to identify specific barriers, as well as factors that often intersect and compound access to social protection. Section 2 builds on that analysis and presents approaches and country examples for tackling the barriers identified. Section 3 distills some key lessons learned and outlines a joint FAO and ILO approach to extending social protection to rural populations.