1. Social protection for all: From large-scale poverty to decent societies

    02 September 2009

    The global recession has increased unemployment and poverty across the world. A new publication "Building decent societies", edited by Peter Townsend, makes the case for the development of comprehensive social security systems in all countries, notwithstanding their levels of wealth, as a measure towards alleviating desperate conditions of poverty, the reversing growing inequality and encouraging economic growth. ILO Online provides questions and answers on social security and our societies today.

  2. Book Review:Building decent societies: Rethinking the role of social security in development

    31 July 2009

    The establishment of universal social security systems has been one of the cornerstones of OECD countries' successful economic and social development and has contributed to reducing poverty and fostering social inclusion in today's rich countries. It is increasingly recognized that universal social security systems have an enormous potential for low income countries which has not yet been sufficiently explored.

  3. How can we maintain pension levels in pay-as-you-go schemes? Maintaining pension levels in PAYG schemes in ageing societies: Rules versus discretion

    01 January 2009

    This article discusses on sustainability of pension systems and its adequacy.

  4. Optimal financing and self-adjusting mechanisms for sustainable retirement systems. The social stabilisation of pensions in times of crises and beyond: A critical review of three decades of pension reform and their outcomes

    01 January 2009

    This brief paper first recapitulates the main pension financing options and reviews the theoretical pros and cons of pension funding seeking for a logical synthesis. In the second part of the paper, a broad review of the historical experience of pension reforms since the 1980’s is presented as well as in the context of the recent financial and economic crisis. A proposal is then presented to enable the social and financial stabilizations of public pension reforms with a view to guarantee pension levels in times of crisis and beyond. The paper ends with an outline of the main principles of a pragmatic ILO pension policy stance. The present paper focuses primarily on contributory public pension arrangements.

  5. Responding to the crisis: Building a "social floor"

    01 January 2009

    in "World of Work" the magazine of the ILO, n° 67.

  6. Is Latin America retreating from individual retirement accounts?

    01 January 2009

  7. Are Old-age Pension System Reforms Moving Away from Individual Retirement Accounts in Latin America

    01 January 2009

    This article reviews two rounds of pension reforms in ten Latin American countries to determine whether they are moving away from individual retirement accounts (IRAs). Although the idea is provocative, the authors conclude that the notion of "moving away from IRAs" is insufficient to characterize the new politics of pension reform.


  1. Interview of M Cichon on a Social Security floor

    01 January 2007

    Interview with Michael Cichon, Director of the Social Security Department of the ILO.As the World Social Security Forum is to be held in Moscow in September, the ILO, through its Global campaign for Social Security and Coverage for All, promotes the idea of a social security floor, a strategy aimed at achieving Millennium Development Goal N° 1 on halving poverty. It is also a case for early investment to reach the 80 per cent of the world's population that lacks adequate social protection.

  2. Linkages between statutory social security schemes and community-based social protection mechanisms: A new approach

    01 January 2007

    This paper intends to both underline the high potential of coverage extension strategies that build on linkages between various extension mechanisms and to respond to the existing gap of both empirical and conceptual considerations on linkages. It focuses on statutory social security (SSS) schemes and community-based social protection (CBSP) mechanisms in order to develop a typology of potentially promising linkages between these types of mechanisms.

  3. Brief overview of social security interventions in India

    01 January 2007