Realising the Right to Social Security and the Right to Food. The contribution of national social protection floors towards food security and the realisation of the right to adequate food for all
30 November 2015
This paper identifies conceptual synergies and dissonances between food security and income security.
National experiences in building social protection floors. India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
30 November 2015
This study reviews the legislation and implementation of the Indian Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in the light of the provisions of Recommendation No. 202.
30 November 2015
This paper: (i) examines the latest IMF government spending projections for 187 countries between 2005 and 2020; (ii) reviews 616 IMF country reports in 183 countries to identify the main adjustment measures considered by governments in both high-income and developing countries; (iii) applies the United Nations Global Policy Model to simulate the impact of expenditure consolidation on growth and employment; (iv) discusses the threats of austerity to welfare and social progress; and (v) calls for urgent action by governments to adopt alternative and equitable policies for socio-economic recovery.
24 September 2015
Due to the global demographic ageing, all countries are challenged by growing longterm care (LTC) needs for older persons. However, these needs are largely ignored and range very low on the policy agendas of most countries. This paper has developed global estimates on LTC protection of persons aged 65 and over.
08 May 2015
This document analysis income and wealth inequalities in a time perspective.
Global evidence on inequities in rural health protection. New data on rural deficits in health coverage for 174 countries
05 May 2015
This paper presents global estimates on rural/urban disparities in access to health-care services.
02 May 2015
This paper presents eight financing alternatives, based on policy positions by the United Nations and international financial institutions, and shows that fiscal space for social protection exists even in the poorest countries.
11 August 2014
This study investigates the major causes of inadequate or non-existent social protection coverage of workers in SMEs, in both the formal and informal economy, and identifies barriers regarding coverage and access to social protection in health, employment injury, paid sick leave and other social protection benefits.
20 February 2014
A systematic analysis of the reforms of private pensions systems in four countries due to initial failures in design and performance after its implementation.
Multinational enterprises' engagement in extending social security: Examples of practices and challenges
20 December 2013
The present document aims at further analyzing private sector initiatives related to social protection of workers.
Towards a Mozambican Social Protection Floor. Consolidating a comprehensive social protection system in Mozambique. Analysis of policy alternatives and costs
02 December 2013
This working paper documents the key elements of the ongoing social protection policy reform in Mozambique and explores the technical and financial arguments underlying the Government’s policy options for the implementation of a national social protection floor in Mozambique.
Costing essential health-care packages based on the framework of national floors of social protection. An innovative ILO approach for countries with limited availability of reliable data
01 November 2013
Essential health care is frequently provided in countries where resources are scarce and statistical data limited, particularly regarding utilization rates and related health-care costs. Costing the extension of essential health care to achieve universal coverage is thus hindered, which might be considered as an obstacle to progress in this field. This report provides concepts and recommendations for a macro approach to assessing the cost of providing essential health care to a population.
01 July 2013
This document explores some of the linkages between gender inequality and social protection, and assesses the significant contribution that social protection floors can make to promoting gender equality.
01 July 2013
This report summarizes a workshop which brought together representatives from various organizations active in social protection.
The extension of social security and the social responsibility of multinational enterprises. An Exploratory study
09 May 2013
An exploratory study on the relation between the extension of social security and corporate social responsibility of multinational enterprises.
Socially responsible investment, decent work and pension funds. Concepts and international experiences
04 March 2013
This paper aims at reviewing concepts and internationale experiences of Social responsible investment practices, especially among pension funds.
11 August 2012
This paper focuses on the analysis of experience in creating fiscal space for the extension of social protection. It presents the results of studies conducted in eight developing countries (Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Costa Rica, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Thailand) that successfully extended social protection including floors for national social protection systems in recent years. The studies seek to identify the strategies that were adopted to finance the extension of social protection and how the necessary fiscal space was created.
14 June 2012
This ESS Paper presents an analysis of the reciprocal relation between the concepts of social security and food security as applied in public policy, with particular emphasis on the social protection floor. The paper also provides the analysis of relevant and effectively implemented experiences of Brazilian public policy which have established a virtuous connection between these two concepts and have achieved important and empirically verifiable outcomes.
Analysis of the Viet Nam National Social Protection Strategy (2011-2020) in the context of social protection floors objectives. A rapid assessment.
24 May 2012
The Viet Nam study was launched to support the implementation planning of the draft Social Protection Strategy (2011-2020) in Viet Nam. The ILO, on behalf of the UN CEB SPF Initiative, assessed the existing social protection system of Viet Nam and designed several alternative scenarios, using the Rapid Assessment Protocol (a costing tool developed by the ILO for the SPF Initiative based on previous experiences with the ILO-UNICEF costing tool) to estimate the costs of closing the social protection floor gaps. For each benefit the impact on poverty was estimated using a micro simulation at the household level. Taking into account some fiscal space considerations, the study estimates that the social protection floor gap could be gradually closed progressively over the next 10 to 15 years without a major increase of overall revenues compared to pre-crisis levels.
Can the European elderly afford the financial burden of health and long-term care? Assessing impacts and policy implications
10 May 2012
This research report assesses the financial impact of private health and long-term care expenditure on households of the elderly, in particular, the impact of out-of-pocket payments at the time of service delivery and related policy implications.