Working papers


  1. Reversing pension privatization: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern European and Latin American countries (2000-18)

    31 October 2018

  2. Pension Privatization and Reversal of Pension Reforms in Argentina

    30 October 2018

  3. Reversing pension privatization in Bolivia

    30 October 2018

  4. Reversing privatization and re-nationalizing pensions in Hungary

    30 October 2018

  5. Reversing pension privatization in Kazakhstan

    30 October 2018

  6. Reversing pension privatization: The case of Polish pension reform and re-reforms

    30 October 2018

  7. The Reversal of Pension Privatization in Ecuador

    30 October 2018

  8. Repeal of the privatization of the pension system in Nicaragua

    30 October 2018

  9. The Reversal of Pension Privatization in Venezuela

    30 October 2018

  10. Second-pillar pension re-reforms in Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia, Romania, and Slovakia. Benefit payouts amidst continuing retrenchment

    30 October 2018

  11. From principles to practice: A method for identifying income sufficiency when applying International Legal Standards

    30 October 2018

    Is access to sufficient level of income required for social protection, and if so at what level? Although ILO Conventions and Recommendations make reference to income standards, much about them has been left unspecified.

  12. Universal Basic Income proposals in light of ILO standards: Key issues and global costing

    30 August 2018

  13. Building an adequate U.S. labor and social protection system for the 21st century

    05 June 2018

    Over the last several decades the economic prospects facing U.S. workers and households have changed in substantial ways. For most, it has been a change for the worse. This paper is intended to bring analytical clarity and focus to the issues that currently confront workers, households and policy makers in the spheres of employment and social protection.

  14. Is biometric technology in social protection programmes illegal or arbitrary? An analysis of privacy and data protection

    05 June 2018

    Social protection programmes require processing significant data amounts, including often-sensitive information such as household assets, health status and physical or intellectual disabilities. Now more than ever, it is critical to address issues of privacy and data security in social protection programme design, implementation and evaluation.


  1. Universal Social Protection Floors: Costing Estimates and Affordability in 57 Lower Income Countries

    13 December 2017

    This paper presents the results of costing universal social protection floors in 34 lower middle-income, and 23 low-income countries


  1. Social protection systems in Latin America: An assessment

    08 December 2016

    This paper assesses the present state of social protection systems in Latin America and their future challenges.

  2. Health workforce: A global supply chain approach. New data on the employment effects of health economies in 185 countries.

    08 December 2016

    This paper provides evidence that investments in health protection not only impact on the achievement of health objectives, but also create an important source of employment across numerous economic sectors.

  3. Protecting people and the environment. Lessons learnt from Brazil's Bolsa Verde, China, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, South Africa and 56 other experiences

    05 May 2016

    This working paper provides an overview of 56 Payments for Environmental Services (PES) experiences in 19 countries from the global south that combine social protection and environmental objectives within one programme.


  1. Realising the Right to Social Security and the Right to Food. The contribution of national social protection floors towards food security and the realisation of the right to adequate food for all

    30 November 2015

    This paper identifies conceptual synergies and dissonances between food security and income security.

  2. National experiences in building social protection floors. India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

    30 November 2015

    This study reviews the legislation and implementation of the Indian Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in the light of the provisions of Recommendation No. 202.