The methodologies of the subsistence minimum determination in Kazakhstan. The Ways and approaches to improve

This report consists of four analytical chapters and conclusions which also include recommendations. Chapter 1 describes how to rationally estimate the (non-food) subsistence minimum. Here, the focus is given to two measurement methodologies: Engel’s coeffi cient method and the Regression method. Chapter 2 reviews the history of the subsistence minimum in Kazakhstan and on how to improve its measurement on the basis of scientifi c methods and international practice. Chapter 3 estimates the non-food and total subsistence minimum for 2007–2009 at national and regional (oblast) levels. Chapter 4 centres on the advantage and disadvantage of relative poverty lines. In the conclusions, the main points of discussion from Chapters 1–4 are summarized and the recommendations of future policy options are provided, which Kazakhstan might consider in order to improve its poverty line analysis. This document constitutes the second volume of the final report of the ILO technical assistance activity on assessing and improving the methodologies of the subsistence minimum calculation in Kazakhstan. The second volume provides international examples of poverty line estimations and serves as a reference for further policy formulation in Kazakhstan.