International Labour Review - Contents of volume 144 (2005), Number 1
Labour law and new forms of corporate organization, by Marie-Laure Morin
The development of financial markets and the decentralization of production are reconfiguring corporate organization, with a wide range of consequences for the application of labour law. The author examines the different levels of corporate organization in order to identify the issues raised by today’s new financial and production relationships, both within and between firms. She then turns to the challenges that positive law faces in addressing those relationships, focusing on three questions of crucial concern to labour law: industrial relations and corporate decision-making power; the contract of employment and identification of the employer; and working conditions and occupational safety.
The economics of peace: Trends and prospects of the Palestinian economy and labour market, by Philippe EGGER
Between 1994 and 2003 macroeconomic trends in the occupied Palestinian territories pointed upwards, then fell steeply. This reflected the positive climate that followed the Sept. 1993 Oslo accords, then the precipitate decline after the outbreak of the second Intifada in 2000. The author outlines economic developments since the Oslo accords, and the limitations of a model marked by dependence on the Israeli economy and on supplying low-skilled workers. He considers a small open economy with diversified exports is more likely to provide the numerous and more productive jobs the rapidly growing Palestinian labour force needs.
Circumventing marcroeconomic conservatism: A policy framework for growth, employment and poverty reduction, by Iyanatul ISLAM
Conservative macroeconomic policy, as currently understood and practised in many developing countries, is preoccupied with stability at the expense of growth and with fiscal and inflation targets at the expense of employment. This article argues that the empirical foundation of macroeconomic conservatism is fragile and there is a case for developing a viable alternative to current orthodoxy. Such an alternative is consistent with the substance and spirit of the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda that emphasizes employment creation, comprehensive social protection, and the strengthening of labour market institutions through social dialogue and protection of labour rights.
Unemployment, job quality and poverty: A case study of Bulgaria, by Alexandre KOLEV
This article seeks to identify the determinants of poverty in Bulgaria and to profile groups at risk of adverse labour-market outcomes. Kolev’s methodology is based on a detailed consideration of income and non-income dimensions of poverty and perceptions of well-being at work. He examines the incidence of poverty in relation to personal, labour-market and household characteristics over the period 1995-2001. Though important to an individual’s poverty status, labour-market circumstances tend merely to mitigate or worsen the dominant effect of family circumstances. Kolev’s findings also suggest that non-income dimensions of poverty – chiefly poor working conditions – pose an important policy challenge.
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