|Index of Volumes|
|VOLUME 143, NUMBER 4||2004/4|
Sex equality and social security: Selected rulings of the European Court of Justice
European Community law applies to the 25 Member States of the European Union and to the EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). An important source of this supra-national law is the case law of the European Court of Justice, which contributes actively to the promotion of social rights. The broad selection of cases presented in this article shows how the Court has interpreted Community instruments on equal pay, statutory and occupational pensions and equal treatment to settle litigation over the discriminatory effects - both direct and indirect - of national social security systems that were historically constructed around the "male breadwinner" model.
Tripartite cooperation, social dialogue and national development
This article reviews recent developments in social dialogue demonstrating that consultation between government and key stakeholders contributes to labour peace, social stability and national development. After defining the stages through which social dialogue has developed, the author explains the various ways in which it contributes to economic and social development. He considers four developing countries (Barbados, Indonesia, Kenya and Panama), and one transition economy (Czech Republic), examining how they have used tripartite institutions to achieve social peace, labour market adjustment and socio-economic development. Finally, he offers a model to integrate "new" actors into the tripartite framework for social dialogue.
Job instability in the Korean labour market: Estimating the effects of the 1997 Asian financial crisis
Joonmo CHO and Jaeho KEUM
To assess the impact of the Asian financial crisis on job stability in the Republic of Korea, the authors examine changes in average tenure, the proportion of short-tenured workers and job-retention rates from the mid- to late-1990s using household survey data from the Korean Labor and Income Panel Survey. For a comparative perspective, their findings are also discussed in the light of similar indicators of the United States' labour market. The 1997 financial crisis turns out to have had a particularly adverse impact on the job stability of workers in non-standard employment, women and longer-tenured, less-educated and older workers.
New ILO publications