|Index of Volumes|
|VOLUME 143, NUMBER 3||2004/3|
The Industry Employability Index: Taking account of supply and demand characteristics
Andries de GRIP, Jasper van LOO and Jos SANDERS
Employability has become a key issue in employment policy debates. However, this concept still lacks a sound theoretical and empirical basis. The authors propose to capture its various dimensions using indicators of workers' willingness and capacity to be mobile, to be trained and to be functionally flexible, together with measures of sector-specific need for employability and "effectuation conditions". These indicators, reflecting both supply (workers') and demand (industry) characteristics, are then combined into an index for cross-sectoral comparison. An empirical illustration covering 13 sectors of the Dutch economy gives separate indexes for young workers, older workers, female workers and low-skilled workers.
The productivity pay-off from effective resource allocations of IT and non-IT labour
As corporations in the United States have intensified their recourse to IT over the past decade, demand for workers with IT skills has grown. Using data for 1995-97 regarding numbers of workers and IT-skilled workers employed by the top 500 corporations making intensive use of IT in the United States, as well as company disclosure reports, the author seeks to identify the effect on companies' output of investment in IT skills, using a Cobb-Douglas production function. He concludes that changes in firms' IT capabilities indeed increased demand for IT-skilled labour and improved productivity.
Social security reform and gender equality: Recent experience in central Europe
Elaine FULTZ and Silke STEINHILBER
Transformation of the economies of central Europe led inter alia to major changes in the social security regimes of those countries, to contain rising costs and adapt to the new market conditions. This article examines the largely neglected gender equality aspect of these reforms, in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, during the period 1990-2002, focusing on family benefits and pensions. After reviewing central European labour markets and the major reforms, the authors use available data to quantify the impact of the reforms on women and men, contrasting when appropriate with the gender impact of the previous social security schemes.
New ILO publications